公告版位
●本站所有圖文嚴禁轉載或轉寄,但於「社交平台轉貼『文章網址』無妨,不需詢問」

●本站之分享若有侵權,請版權方留言告知,會立即刪除。回到首頁

目前分類:英文文學 (28)

  1. Discuss the narrative technique, content and theme in Colerdige’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”

In this poem, the narrator uses two different setting and disjunction of time to build up a frame. The first setting is a wedding that full of people. With happy, cheerful and hilarious, a young person attends wedding. Suddenly, an old man who looks like a ghost holds the youth, and the setting change into desolate sea. Simultaneously, the tense also change from present to past. The story-telling man console himself by telling the ancient story to others. Therefore, the tense and setting interweave by their dialoguing. The ancient mariner suffer from the interior remorse because shot a bird and then the nature changed. His entire partner had died. Finally, he feels a spring of love in his mind, and everything returns to the beginning. The supernatural world traced back to the natural world. He sees the light-house, the hill and the kirk again. As he come back to land with agony, he tell story to others in order to redemption. The youth is getting wisdom and maturity. Thus, the theme is to urge people to love and to pay respect to nature.

     In this poem, the speaker uses rainbow to symbolize the Christian and biblical allusion because the rainbow is a part of nature. God also use rainbow to covenant with Noah. When the speaker was born, he has strong passion for nature, now he seems come back to the nature and child. In the end of poem, the natural piety is religion which is responsiveness to nature and miracle of ordinary things.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

1."My Last Duchess: it is a poem written by Robert Browning. It uses dramatic monologue skill. It first appeared in 1842 in Browning's Dramatic Lyrics.

2. The Ring and the Book : it is a long dramatic narrative poem. It written  by Robert Browning. The book tells the story of a murder trial in Rome

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

  • Feb 05 Thu 2009 15:54
  • term

  1. Symbol: literary, something that stands for s

10.  Allusion: a reference, generally brief, to person, place, thing or even which the reader is presumably familiar.

11.  Denotation: the literary, dictionary meaning of a given word or phrase.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. term

1. Imagery: Most commonly refers to visual pictures produced verbally though figurative language, although it s often defined more broadly to include sensory experience other than the visual.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

In the man he killed, the speaker is a lower-labor class and uneducated, because he use the colloquial vocabulary to finish this poem. Therefore, he doesn’t have the intellectual power to criticize the cruelty of the war. The tone is resigned and fatalism. In the whole poem, the speaker just wants to find an excuse to justify his action. Besides, the speaker’s motive is just eager to earn money so as to make up for out of work. Finally, the speaker is quaint and curious, and he doesn’t consider that why he has to killed the man. By contrast, in Dulce Et Decorum Est, the speaker is upper-class and well-educated because the speaker uses the Latin title, noble vocabulary and literature skills. The speaker is intellectual, critical and irrationality. In this poem, the tone is angry. The speaker takes advantage of imagery in order to show us the terrible war. The speaker uses the visual imagery, acoustic and taste imagery to present the scene of death such as white eye, gargling and bitter as cud. The speaker’s motive is an ideal which he believes that scarifying his life for the fatherland is a wonderful event. In the end, the speaker’s ideal is vanished into the air and disillusioned.

 

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. term

1. Symbol: Something that suggests or stands for something else without losing its original identity. In literature, symbols combine their literal meaning with the suggestion of an abstract concept.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

II. Essay

1. ‘To Autumn’

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. term

1. Pun: is a figure of speech which consists of a deliberate confusion of similar words or phrases for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious. A pun can rely on the assumed equivalency of multiple similar words (homonymy), of different shades of meaning of one word (polysemy), or of a literal meaning with a metaphor. Bad puns are sometimes called "cheesy".

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

1. When I Was One-and-Twenty

   In this poem, it’s telling about youth of love and there are two speakers who the same man in different ages. The first speaker is a young man who was twenty-one years old and he views love as a trading. The speaker uses commercial imagery to show his feeling such as pounds and guineas. The second speaker is an old wise man who is twenty-two years old. He believes that giving his heart for love is worth, but in the end, the speaker uses ironic word to reflect that he is regret, sorrow and repentance. In the first part of this poem, the speaker is inexperienced and purity, and however, he become sophisticated and experienced in the second part.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. term

1. Paradox: A statement that appears illogical or contradictory at first, but may actually point to an underlying truth. "Less is more" is an example of a paradox. Literary examples include Francis Bacon's statement, "The most corrected copies are commonly the least correct," and "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others" from George Orwell's Animal Farm.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. term

1. Dramatic irony: Occurs when the audience of a play or the reader of a work of literature knows something that a character in the work itself does not know. The irony is in the contrast between the intended meaning of the statements or actions of a character and the additional information understood by the audience. A celebrated example of dramatic irony is in Act V of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet,

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. Term

1.     Tone: The author’s attitude toward the subject or audience.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

I. Term:

1.Flashback: The interruption of a story’s narrative in order to present an earlier scene or episode; a method of exposition.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

Plot

With a mother figure, spinster and a life-giver, Maria, a housemaid at a Protestant charity, proudly reviews her preparation for Halloween festivities at her workplace. Maria nursed Joe and Alphy, when they were young. As they break-up at home, they helped Maria get her present job. By the time festivities arrive, Maria distributes the bread, called barmbrack, and tea to her companion. Afterwards, Maria prepares for her journey to Joe’s home, admiring her appearance in the mirror before leaving her room. On her way to Joe’s, Maria moving through the crowded streets so as to buy cakes for the children and a special plum cake for Joe and his wife. She gets on a crowded tram and sits next to a “colonel-looking gentleman” who kindly makes room for her. They chat happily, and they friendly say goodbye to each other. At Joe’s home, as she wants to give presents to children, Joe and his wife, she cannot find the presents. The Donnellys suggest that she probably left it on the tram, which makes Maria feels embarrassed. Joe consoles Maria by telling her stories about his office and offering nuts and wine. Afterwards, they start traditional Halloween games. Two girls from the house next door help the children to arrange a table of saucers filled with different objects and lead a blindfolded Maria over to them. Maria touches the saucer with a mound of wet clay on it, which represents early death in games. Joe’s wife reproves children for clay should not be an option given its bad omen. Maria reaches again and touches a prayer book, forecasting a pious life in a convent. The festivities continue happily until Joe asks Maria to sing “I Dreamt that I Dwelt” for the family. Maria sings the first stanza twice, but no one points out her mistake. Joe is visibly moved to tears and asks his wife where the corkscrew is.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

1. Metaphysical Poetry: The body of poetry produced by a group of seventeenth-century English writers called the "Metaphysical Poets." The group includes John Donne and Andrew Marvell. The Metaphysical Poets made use of everyday speech, intellectual analysis, and unique imagery. They aimed to portray the ordinary conflicts and contradictions of life. Their poems often took the form of an argument, and many of them emphasize physical and religious love as well as the fleeting nature of life. Elaborate conceits are typical in metaphysical poetry. Marvell's "To His Coy Mistress" is a well-known example of a metaphysical poem.

2. An early seventeenth-century (mostly Caroline) movement, centered on Robert Herrick, Thomas Carew, John Suckling, Richard Lovelace, and Henry Vaughn. Most were admirers of Ben Jonson. They get their name from the supporters of King Charles I in the seventeenth century: the Cavaliers were Royalists during the Civil Wars. (The supporters of Parliament were nicknamed Roundheads.)

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

4. A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter with a carefully patterned rhyme scheme. The Italian, or Petrarchan sonnet, was introduced into English poetry by Sir Thomas Wyatt. Its fourteen lines break into an octave, which usually rhymes abbaabba, and a sestet, which may rhyme cdecde or cdcdcd, cdcdee, cdeced The English or Shakespearean sonnet, developed first by Earl of Surrey, consists of three quatrains and a couplet--that is, it rhymes abab cdcd efef gg. The Italian form, separate into parts, usually projects and develops a subject in the octave, then executes a turn at the beginning of the sestet, which means that release the tension built up in the octave. In ‘my galley’, thomas waytt uses metaphor and personification to lead out inaccessible love and unattainable lady which make lover suffer. The lover, as 'galley', as vessel, fully loaded - with forgetfulness, sails through sharp seas in winter nights. The cause of such great ambivalence in the poet, something both desired and feared, both enemy and lord. In the second sestet lines 7 and 10 indicate stress on the galley; these lines bracket the mistress's emotional symptoms - forced sighs, tears, fearfulness, and a cloud of dark disdain'. But he surrounded by error and ignorance his lady's eyes, which previously had led him on, are hidden now as he rails against them as stars relied upon for navigation. In the last line, he is giving in to his grief.  Reason, his lady's good judgment, which should have comforted him, is drowned in the storm of her emotions, and the lover despairs of shelter and refuge. In English form introduces an idea in the first quatrain, complicates it in the following, and resolves the whole thing in the final couplet. You can see how this form would attract writers who are fascinated with intellectual puzzles and haunted by the complexity of human emotions, which become especially tangled. Take ‘the soote season’ for example, the first thirteen lines of the sonnet leads the reader through the pleasant changes of season. It is also interesting to note the use of the word "springs" in lines 5 and 14. Surrey uses the word as a verb to draw forth the contrast between rejoicing seasons and his sorrow. In the last line, he spends a few poetic feet describe his sorrow. ‘Each care decays, and yet my sorrow spring’ Surrey uses so understated that is holds great value by hit us with a powerful and sorrowful afterthought. Surrey skillfully tucks his sorrows away at the end of his sonnet, causing the reader to scan the entire poem again to look for some sort of hint at the forthcoming lamentation. It strongly contrasts between the nature and himself by describing the beautiful events surrounding him in nature, but none of them can comfort him because everything around him is happy but he is not.

 

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

1. In Macbeth, the witches' statement "fair is foul and foul is fair." (Act 1, Scene 1, Line 10) we can say that Macbeth considered the witches to be "fair" when in reality their intentions were quite "foul." Similarly, although Macbeth has the semblance of the friendly and loyal to host, ("fair") he is secretly plotting Duncan's death ("foul"). The first point is that evil is like a disease, evil infects its victims and makes them sicken until they eventually die. Once Macbeth murders Duncan, it is similar to commit his inner innocence by himself. Therefore, he can’t sleep and rest because he kills his conscience. Macbeth being "sucked into" evil changed drastically. Evil, unfortunately is a very powerful force once it gets a hold of you once, it's extremely difficult to let go of. If one have to take drastic actions as far as death to get what he wants is really a sad case. The second point is that evil disrupted nature itself. In nature, there is a time and a place for everything. When Macbeth achieves the crown by murder, he upsets the natural order of his life along with the order of Scotland. Without the rightful, God-given king on the throne, all of society is disordered. Under Macbeth's rule, there can only be chaos and evil.

Our initial impression of Macbeth is a brave and capable warrior with strong morals. However, as the play went on, Macbeth's morality lessened immensely. When Macbeth encounter with the three witches, he awakens in him a deep impatient ambition. He is not totally cold and solely ambitious as shown by his terror of the murder image, which thoroughly defies his loyalty. And we realize that his physical courage is joined by a consuming ambition and a tendency to self-doubt. Lady Macbeth’s suicide does not strike him so much with grief but rather unleashes his disenchantment and pessimistic view of life. On seeing that he will lose the war, he considers but then dismisses suicide. He still clings to the second prophecy of the witches that nobody born of woman can hurt him. His own ambitions and passions deceived him into changing his virtues for unrest and immorality. At the end, he pays all the consequences of his betrayal but still dies like a brave soldier.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

  • Feb 05 Sun 2006 21:20
  • Poem

1. Donne’s poetry is replete with a metaphysical conceit which made use of colloquialism, intellectual analysis, and unique imagery. It aimed to portray the ordinary conflicts and contradictions of life. The poems often took the form of an argument, and many of them emphasize physical and religious love as well as the fleeting nature of life. By presenting comparisons, posing questions, and providing examples, the speaker shows that his love is innocent, unifying, and finally, that it makes the lovers saints of love after their deaths. Donne creates a speaker who is invested in talking and dreaming about his love, and he does not want to be disturbed with negative comments. In the second stanza, by asking the addressee a series of providing examples of how the world remains unaffected by his love, the speaker suggests that his love will lead to his sanctity. In the first question, the speaker connects his sighs to a drowning ship by saying that his sighs have not drowned any merchant's ships. In the second question, the speaker connects his tears to flood, and he says they have not flooded any ground. Paradoxically, in the third stanza, the imagery of fire that describes the intensity of their sensual love applies as well to their spiritual love. The lover's mutual ascent through contemplation is emphasized by images not only of the dove and phoenix but also of the eagle. The eagle and dove are religious symbols which represent courage and peace. In this poem the union of the eagle and the dove into a single symbolic image manifests the lovers' movement toward unity. In this poem, characteristics of all three birds are fused into a single dominant image of winged flight toward salvation. The speaker uses these powerful images of sharing traits and building a partnership to indicate the strength of their relationship. The speaker describes how they will be remembered, canonized, and invoked by others and provides an analogy between the legend of a saint and the story of his love. The speaker compares an erotic relationship to a saintly experience. As the speaker argues the case for sainthood, his mock-serious tone heighten the humor, and the wit of this secular love poem is derived from its ironic sainthood is integrated. In the last stanza of the poem, the speaker describes how people will invoke the lovers as the saints of love. This is an indication that the speaker feels he will be able to look over everyone, when he becomes the saint of love. Donne creates his bizarre claim to distract the addressee and to eliminate any negative thoughts he has about the speaker's love. Therefore, Donne employs a clever strategy to intensify his claim as each stanza progresses.

6. A fundamental, paradoxical balance between conflict and consolation marks many of Herbert’s poems, consistently revealing truths about the deeper spiritual tension and resolution in mankind’s experience with sin, suffering, and God’s grace. Through literal and symbolic imagery, figurative language, mood and tone, and defining themes, Herbert crafts poems of intricate structure, beauty, and meaning. Each skillfully progresses through a sense of disharmony. Herbert employs to create such a careful juxtaposition of tension and peace, which—by empowering his verse with a sense of life and emotional vigor—gains, in the end, true triumph. Emotional power heightens the drama of conflict and peace in Herbert’s poem “Easter Wings,” particularly through its vivid imagery. As an emblem poem, its verse shape in the form of eagles’ wings gives it a concrete tangibility and conveys a feeling of wildness and vitality by its implication of eagles in flight. Moreover, the diction—both the denotative and connotative aspects of the words themselves—follows the falling and rising of the lines. Implicit in the visual imagery is the idea of falling and flight. At the lowest point of both verses, the phrases “most poor” and “most thin” illustrate the actual level of the textual imagery as well as the spiritual state of the speaker. Ascending again, the picture of soaring eagles compares to the human spirit rising from the depths of self’s poverty and taking flight on the wings of God’s abundant grace.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

In general, human being is pursuing wealth. This means that human have strong body and in good health so as to do meaningful things rather than has uncountable money or has abundant knowledge and makes use of it to do something good. Good health of human being include physical and spiritual state which without pain, suffering and torment. To sum up , to human being , health play an important part in life and brings happiness, safe and complacence to life.

If people posses transcendent wit, incomparable ability and aplenty money, but they do not have psychological comfort and physical well-being, they can not use those what he possess to do meaningful things and will waste them. Because of health control all part of human being and nothing will be lost. For example, so many famous people who earn money as possible as he can in order to be capitalists, despite the warning of their body and going on work. Eventually, as they get old, they possess  prestige and fortune. However, they lose their health and bring them unchangeable regret because they chase nothing but a false and fantasy wealth.   They must spend more money to buy their health back, but in vain. The only thing to do is suffering from losing health hopelessly. 

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

 With various culture and unique flavor, Rice Tube Pudding attracts me deeply, because Rice tube pudding contains the best of naturally abundant ingredients so as to acquire the precious flavor.

   The following is my favorite Rice tube pudding that had special flavor and easy to make it. Rice tube pudding contains glutinous rice, pork, oyster, dried mushrooms and dried shrimps. First, the glutinous rice has to immerse in water at least twelve hours; moreover, immerse glutinous into cold water, simultaneously, pour properly hot water into it so as to make good taste. Second, steam immersed glutinous and immerse dried mushrooms and dried shrimps several minutes until it become soft. Thirdly, stir-fry pork with oil ,shrimps and rice wine for several minutes. Then, stem all the ingredients with soy sauce which is making of various seasonings such as sesame oil and aniseed. Fourthly, mix glutinous rice with ingredients and stuffing them into a small bamboo tubes twenty minutes so as to the glutinous rice have perfect fragrance. Last but not least, steam the bamboo tubes at least twenty minute in order to carry out unique flavor by using “Zheng Long” – referring to a steamer made with bamboo or similar material.

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

1 2