公告版位
●本站所有圖文嚴禁轉載或轉寄,但於「社交平台轉貼『文章網址』無妨,不需詢問」

●本站之分享若有侵權,請版權方留言告知,會立即刪除。

廣告贊助

※ 被動語態 Passive Voice

定義:

    該行為者無法做出該動作就要使用被動,如食物被吃、衣服被穿、照片被拍.....

    動的基本結構是 be動詞+PP

意:be動詞是助動詞, 主要動詞的詞彙意義在「過去分詞pp」。

     被動語態的BE動詞決定時態

中例:「小狗咬我」是主動的語法;「我狗咬」則是動的語

英例:The dog bit me. (為主動語態 active voice

           I was bitten by the dog. (為動語態 passive voice

 

Practice I:改成被動句

  1. 1.    Miss Lin teaches English. ____________________________________________________________

2.He doesn't like me.  _______________________________________________________________

3.Peter cleans his room every day. ______________________________________________________________________

4.They don't speak English.  ________________________________________________________________

5. Do you watch TV every night? ______________________________________________________________________

重點二:過去式被動句         主詞was / werep.p.by受詞

否定時                    主詞was / werenotp.p.by受詞

Practice 2:改成被動句

1. Miss Lin taught English.  ____________________________________________________

2. He didn't like me.  _________________________________________________________

 

Practice 3:改成被動句

1. Mom is cooking dinner. ______________________________________________________________________

2. Peter was cleaning the room. ______________________________________________________________________

3. You are not doing your homework. _______________________________________________________________________

4. He was not riding a bicycle. _______________________________________________________________________

 

注意:do / does / did表達句動詞的否定或疑問,動時不必

例如:I didn't love you. 改成動則為 You were not loved by me.

Practice 4:改成被動句

1. Kevin won't close the windows. ______________________________________

2. You should collect those bottles. _____________________________________

3. People must do something good. _____________________________________

4. They can't build the houses. __________________________________________

5. We don't grow rice. ___________________________________________________

 

Practice I:改成被動句

1. People can eat the apples. _____________________________________________

2. They made those shoes in Taiwan. _____________________________________

3. Everyone must follow the traffic rules. ___________________________________

 

 

Practice I:改成被動句

1. When did you finish the paper? _________________________________________

2. Where can people grow rice? _________________________________________

重點九  感官動詞或使役動詞的被動語態 

句型:A +be +let/made/had+to +VR    (A被要求做某事)

         A+be+looked at/seen/watched/listened to/heard/felt/noticed +to Rv 

        (A被看到做某事)

主動:Mom made Susan wash the dishes this evening.

被動:Susan was made to wash the dishes this evening.


說明:感官動詞(seehearfeel)或使役動詞在主動句中受詞補語是「原形動詞」,而在被動句中,原來的受詞補語要改成「to-V」形式。

(1)原形動詞 (強調事實)

主動:I heard(過去式)  the bird sing in the tree.  (和使役動詞用法相同)

 

被動:The bird was heard(P.P) to sing in the tree (by me).

 

(2)Ving (強調看//注意到某事進行的過程)

 

主動:I heard the bird singing in the tree.

 

被動:The bird was heard(P.P) singing in the tree (by me).


重點十  授與動詞(如givesendtellteachask)的被動語態 
 
主動: Tom gave Mary a comic book.  (人→物)

被動:Mary was given a comic book by Tom.     B+be+pp++by+A

說明:主動句中的間接受詞(Mary)當被動式中的主詞時,不需介係詞。

           

主動 : Tom gave a book to Mary.  (物→人)

被動:A comic book was given to Mary by Tom.  +be+p.p.+to /for B+by+A

說明:主動句中的直接受詞(a comic book)當被動式中的主詞時,需介係詞。

 

主動:Nancy bought Jack pearl milk tea.  

            Nancy bought pearl milk tea for Jack.
被動:Pearl milk tea was bought for Jack by Nancy.
=>主動句中的直接受詞(pearl milk tea)當被動式中的主詞時,需介係詞。
【誤】Jack was bought pearl milk tea by Nancy.=>語意上,Jack不會被買。

(5)含助動詞的被動語態
說明:may have pp指對過去可能的推測。
例如:The machine should have been used by engineers only. 
說明:should have pp指過去原本該做而沒做。
例如:Students have to do the homework by themselves.

The homework has to be done by students themselves. 

6)「連綴動詞」沒有被動

(如looktastehappencostlookfeelsmellbecome

另外cost(花費)、take(花費)、have(有)等動詞也沒有被動式。
(7 )  need
的主詞為物時,以現在分詞表被動。
例如:The dishes need washing.=>The dishes need to be washed.

綜合練習:

Part A:選擇題

(          ) 1. The hamburgers _________ by us.

           (A) were eating (B) were eating (C) were eaten (D) Ate

(          ) 2. The report has __________ by him.

          (A) written (B) being writing   (C) being written (D) been written (          ) 3. We can ______ the housework by ourselves.

          (A) done  (B) being done  (C) do  (D) be done

(          ) 4. English can ___________ in these schools.

               (A) is tautght   (B) be taught   (C) taught    (D) be teaching

(          ) 5. She ____ the eggs in the box last night.

                 The eggs ______ by her last night.

              (A) puts, are put         (B) put, are put 

              (C) put, were putting  (D) put, were put

(          ) 6. Many people ________ in the car accident.

              (A) killed (B) were killing (C) were killed (D) kill

(          ) 7. The bad man ______ his enemy with a knife.

              (A) killed (B) were killing (C) were killed (D) kill

(         ) 8. Jack was so happy. He was ___________ his good grades on the

               tests.

              (A)surprised by (B) surprising to (C) surprised (D) surprised at

(          ) 9. My brother is _________ the picture now.

              (A) painting (B) painted (C) been painted (D) being painted

(          ) 10. The picture is _________ by my brother now.

              (A) painting (B) painted (C) been painted (D) being painted

Part B:被動語態語主動語態互改

 1. Computers are made in China.

 

2.. People know Harry Potter.

 

3. They have never seen elephants before.

 

Part C:以被動語態翻譯下列句子

1. 很多人使用手機

 

2. 爸爸告訴些孩子要拖地。

 

3. 座橋1975 年就好了。

 

4. 這家麵包店將在一星期後開

文章標籤
創作者介紹
創作者 阿莓莓KIKI 的頭像
阿莓莓KIKI

莓喵英文Fun

阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(1) 人氣()


留言列表 (1)

發表留言
  • 悄悄話