被動語態:Be+p.p. Be→時態與否定 p.p→該動作
1. 現在式被動: am/is/are +p.p.
主動語態: Kelly eats the apple. (kelly吃了那顆蘋果)
被動語態: The appale is eaten by Kelly. (那顆蘋果被Kely吃)
否定 : The apple isn't eaten by Kelly.
2.過去式被動: was/were +p.p.
The dog bit me. (狗咬我)
I was bitten by the dog. (我被狗咬)
3.現在進行式被動 : be+v-ing
+ be + p.p.
be +being +p.p.
主動: Tom is washing the car.
被動: The car is being washed by Tom. (車子正在被Tom 洗)
4.過去進行式被動:was+were +being +p.p.
The floor was being cleaned by Tom at ten yesterday. (昨天10點時地板正被Tom清理)
have/has +been +p.p.
His homework has been done. (他的功課已經做好了)
6.過去完成式被動: had been p.p.
The desk had been fixed when I arrived. (我到達時，桌子已經被修理好了)
7.未來式被動: will be p.p.
The car will be bought by Tom tomorrow. (明天車子將會被Tom買走)
shall→should can→could will→would must
The car should be fixed.(車子應該要被修理)
The cat can be found. (貓咪可以被找到)
The traffic rule must be followed. (交通規則被須被遵守)
People built Taipei 101 in 2004.
→ Taipei 101 was built in 2004.
Does Tom open the door?
→ Is the door opened by Tom? do/does/did 刪除 其餘依照直述句改法，最後將be動詞往前移改大寫
Can I eat the hot dog?
→ Can the hot dog be eaten by me? 有意義之助動詞需留下
What should we do?
→ What should be done by us?
Who can mop the floor?
→By whom can the floor be mopped?
appear, die disappear, end (vi. 束), fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand ,break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place.
fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to
3 連連綴動詞無被動語態： 連
appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn