1. Symbol: literary, something that stands for s

10.  Allusion: a reference, generally brief, to person, place, thing or even which the reader is presumably familiar.

11.  Denotation: the literary, dictionary meaning of a given word or phrase.

12.  Connotation: the meaning suggested or implied by a given word or phrase, as opposed to its literal meaning.

13.  Pun: a play on words, involving words with similar or identical sounds but with different meanings.

14.  Personification: A figure of speech in which an idea or things is given human attributes or feelings or is spoken if as if I were alive.

15.  Imagery: Most commonly refers to visual pictures produced verbally though figurative language, although it s often defined more broadly to include sensory experience other than the visual.

16.  Carpe diem: a Latin phrase meaning ‘seize the day’, generally applied to lyric poems that urge the celebration of the fleeting present.

17.  refrain: a line, in whole or in part, or a group of lines that recur, sometimes with slight variation, in a poem or song, at the close of stanza and help to establish meter, sustain mood, or add emphasis.

18.  Alliteration: the repetition in two or more near by words of identical consonant sounds.

19.  Tragedy: broadly, any serious literarily work in which the protagonist suffers a major reversal death.

20.  Comedy: broadly, any literary work designed primarily to amuse. The term is usually reserved for plays whose tone is lighthearted and humorous, that are amusing and that have a happy ending.

21.  Elegy: in its more modern usage, a poem that laments or solemnly meditates on death, loss, or the passing of things of value.

22.  Tone: the author’s attitude toward the subject or audience.

23.  Ode: a long lyric poem, serious and dignified in subject, tone.

24.  Closet drama: A drama written to be read rather than staged and acted.

25.  William Wordsworth: He was a major English romantic poet. Wordsworth's masterpiece is generally considered to be The Prelude, an autobiographical poem of his early years that was revised and expanded a number of times.

26.  George Gorden, Lord Byron: He was an Anglo-Scottish poet and a leading figure in Romanticism. Among his best-known works are the narrative poems Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and Don Juan.

27.  Percy Bysshe Shelly: He was one of the major English Romantic poets and is widely considered to be among the finest lyric poets of the English language. He is perhaps most famous for such anthology pieces as Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind, To a Skylark, and The Masque of Anarchy.

28.  Robert Burns: He was a poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language.

29.  John Keats: He was one of the principal poets of the English Romantic movement. During his short life, his work received constant critical attacks from the periodicals of the day, though politics, rather than aesthetics, often dictated those opinions.

30.  Terza rima: It is a three-line stanza using chain rhyme in the pattern a-b-a, b-c-b, c-d-c, d-e-d. There is no limit to the number of lines, but poems or sections of poems written in terza rima end with either a single line or couplet repeating the rhyme of the middle line of the final tercet.

31.  Apostrophe: The apostrophe ( ’ ) is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritic mark, in languages written in the Latin alphabet. In English, it has two main functions: it marks omissions; and it assists in marking the possessives of all nouns and many pronouns.

32.  The Rime of the Ancient Mariner: It is a poem written by the English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1797–1799. It is Coleridge's longest major poem. It was a signal shift to modern poetry, and the beginnings of British Romantic literature.

33.  Don Juan: it is a legendary fictional libertine, whose story has been told many times by different authors. The name is sometimes used figuratively, as a synonym for "womanizer".

34.  Ode to the West Wind: It consists of five stanzas written in terza rima. Each stanza consists of four triplets (ABA, BCB, CDC, DED) and a rhyming couplet (FF). The poem begins with three stanzas describing the wind's effects upon earth, air, and ocean. The last two stanzas are Shelley speaking directly to the wind, asking for its power, to lift him like a leaf, or a cloud and make him its companion in its wanderings.

35.  Suspension of Disbelief: It refers primarily to the willingness of a reader or viewer to accept the premises of a work of fiction, even if they are fantastic or impossible. It also refers to the willingness of the audience to overlook the limitations of a medium, so that these do not interfere with the illusion.

36.  Paradox: It is an apparently true statement or group of statements that leads to a contradiction or a situation which defies intuition. The word paradox is often used interchangeably and wrongly with contradiction; but whereas a contradiction asserts its own opposite, many paradoxes do allow for resolution of some kind.

37.  Iambic pentameter: It is a meter in poetry. It refers to a line consisting of five iambic feet. The word "pentameter" simply means that there are five feet in the line; iambic pentameter is a line comprising five iambs. The term was adopted to describe the equivalent meter in English accentual-syllabic verse, where an iamb refers to an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.

38.  Conceit: it is an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs an entire poem or poetic passage. By juxtaposing images and ideas in surprising ways, a conceit invites the reader into a more sophisticated understanding of an object of comparison

39.  Negative Capability: It is a theory of the poet John Keats, expressed in his letter to George and Thomas Keats dated Sunday, 21 December 1817.

40.  "La Belle Dame Sans Merci": John Keats' ballad exists in two versions, with minor differences between them. The original was written by Keats in 1819.


    阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()