1. Discuss the narrative technique, content and theme in Colerdige’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”

In this poem, the narrator uses two different setting and disjunction of time to build up a frame. The first setting is a wedding that full of people. With happy, cheerful and hilarious, a young person attends wedding. Suddenly, an old man who looks like a ghost holds the youth, and the setting change into desolate sea. Simultaneously, the tense also change from present to past. The story-telling man console himself by telling the ancient story to others. Therefore, the tense and setting interweave by their dialoguing. The ancient mariner suffer from the interior remorse because shot a bird and then the nature changed. His entire partner had died. Finally, he feels a spring of love in his mind, and everything returns to the beginning. The supernatural world traced back to the natural world. He sees the light-house, the hill and the kirk again. As he come back to land with agony, he tell story to others in order to redemption. The youth is getting wisdom and maturity. Thus, the theme is to urge people to love and to pay respect to nature.

     In this poem, the speaker uses rainbow to symbolize the Christian and biblical allusion because the rainbow is a part of nature. God also use rainbow to covenant with Noah. When the speaker was born, he has strong passion for nature, now he seems come back to the nature and child. In the end of poem, the natural piety is religion which is responsiveness to nature and miracle of ordinary things.

  1. Explicate Lord Byron’s “She Walks in Beauty”

The speaker uses the imagery of light to descript the lady’s beauty, and he also uses technique of pun to show up the beauty of nature and lady. The starry skies, bright and tender light refers to the lady’s eye and the light of star. The speaker descript the lady from eyes to mind, using peace, calm and serenely to sculpture the beauty of lady.

  1. Closely examine Shelley’s ‘Ode to the West Wind’ (its structure, content, central metaphor and theme)

    This poem is a terza rima form which refers to tercet and interlocking rhyme. In this poem, the central image is west wind. In first stanza, the setting is woods and forest. The speaker uses an apostrophe and biblical allusion metaphor in the beginning which leads us to see withered state of autumn. West wind destroys the leaves and chariot them to dark that symbolizes winter and death. However, west wind brings seed to anywhere and gives seed another opportunity. Seed is symbol of rebirth and the azure sister also means new life which contains life and energy. As seed grow up, the buds like flocks to feed in air which a smell imagery that means the nature power of spring. Therefore, wind west who both of destroyer and preserver. In the second stanza, the setting is in the sky. The speaker uses Maenad to symbolize the rebirth of west wind because vine is death in autumn, however, vine rebirth in spring. This is another kind of revolution and resurrection. In the third stanza, the setting changes to sea. West wind destroy plants, but it also creative art. The moss and flowers symbolize new imagination and new life. In the fourth stanza, the speaker also want to be the cloud and leaves which destroyed by west wind. The speaker is willing to get revolution and resurrection because he losses his imagination. West wind’s character is not controlled able, sudden and proud, so the speaker is also want to the same feature. In the fifth stanza, “if winter comes, can spring be far behind” symbolizes inspiration full of hope.

The main idea is without contraries to no progression that means binary opposition. For example, heaven is contrary to hell and culture is opposite to nature. These factors are required, necessary and compulsory; thus, nothing could exist on single.

  1. Compare and contrast the speakers, the poetic diction and devices, as well as the messages in William Blake’s “The Lamb” and “The Tyger”.

    The message is nonhuman, and everything created by God’s design extremes. The lamb is innocence and Tyger is experience. In lamb, the speaker is a native child who is innocent. The tender voice means that the speaker is pleading for life when he’s killed. The dramatic irony which, in fact, the way of world is not what he thought. The reality world is different from his innocence. The tone of whole poem is undoubted toward the perfection of world. Contrary to the Tyger, the speaker is sophisticate and experience. The Tyger seems strong. However, even how powerful he has, his ability can not compare to God. The speaker uses mythological and biblical allusion to lead the main ideas. The fire which means Prometheus steals fire and then punished by God. The wings which mean everything must keep a middle course. Therefore, the main ideal is human could not too pride, or will catch punishment. Thus, human is supposed to keep limitation in mind. The tone is sense of fearful, doubtful of fearful and uncertain.



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