為了表現不同程度的性質,形容詞具有三級:原級、比較級、最高級

有些形容詞因為本身已經達到極限,故沒有比較級和最高級

例如absolute, excellent, living, dead, only…..

型式形容詞的原級比較級最高級

規則變化:短字+er / est   more / most 長字

    單音節的字在字尾加erest

tall - taller - tallest

long - longer -longest

clean -cleaner - cleanest

warm - warmer -warmest

high - higher - highest

dark - darker - darkest

    字尾有e時,只加rst

nice - nicer - nicest

close - closer -closest

cute - cuter - cutest

wide – wider -widest

safe - safer – safest

gentle –gentler -gentlest

    字尾為子音+y時,將y改為i再加erest

happy –happier-happiest

pretty-prettier-prettiest

dirty-dirtier-dirtiest

heavy-heavier-heaviest

noisy-noisier-noisiest

easy-easier-easiest

   注意:母音+y時,直接加erestEx. gray-grayer-grayest

    短母音+子音,重複子音再加erest 

big-bigger-biggest   hot-hotter-hottest   sad-sadder-saddest   fat-fatter-fattest   thin-thinner-thinnest  glad-gladder-gladdest   red-redder-reddest

    more / most 長字

(三音節以上的字及大多數二音節字,特別由 –ful, -less, -able, ive, ing 結尾的字)

beautiful - more beautiful - most beautiful

active – more active – most active

interesting – more interesting – most interesting

注意:happy(二音節)-happier à unhappy(三音節)-unhappier

    有些形容詞可以加erest或前面加上more / most來形成比較級和最高級

polite – politer  more polite – politest  most polite

其他如:quiet , handsome , common , pleasant

不規則變化:

good / well

better

best

 

bad

worse

worst

 

many / much

more

most

 

old

older

elder

oldest

eldest

年齡的比較、事物的新舊

長幼順序

late

later較晚的

latter稍後的

latest最新近的

last 最後的

時間的先後

順序的先後

far

farther更遠

further更進一步;更遠

farthest

furthest

表示距離

表示程度或距離

little

less

littler

least

littlest

關於量,much的相反

表示大小,等於small

My elder brother is three years older than your younger sister.

  His eldest son is the oldest student in our school.

  My sweater is older than yours.

  哥哥姊姊 elder brother/sister = older brother/sister

She came later than usual. (她比平常晚到。)

The Internet will give you the latest news.(網路會提供你最新的消息。)

He will be free in the latter part of the week.(他本週的下半周有空。)

His latest book may be his last book.(他最近出的書可能是他最後的書了。)

Kaohsiung is farther(further) from Taipei than Keelung.(從台北到高雄比到基隆遠。)

  The farthest(furthest) planet from the earth is Pluto.(離地球最遠的行星是冥王星。)

  I have nothing further to say on the subject.(對於這個主題我沒有什麼要講的了。)

  Have you any further need of me?(你還有要我幫忙的嗎?)

    很少 few – fewer – fewest + 可數名詞

        little – less – least + 不可數名詞

兩人()相比產生的結果

(1)   相同

Jack is as tall as David.

Jack is as handsome as David.

Jack has as much money as David.

(2)   超過優勢比較

Jack is taller than David.

Jack is more handsome than David.

Jack has more money than David.

(3)   不足劣勢比較 (不論長短字,一律用less)

Jack is less tall than David.

Jack is less handsome than David.

Jack has less money than David.

比較級的使用時機

(1) …. +比較級 + than ….

   The small box is heavier than the big box.

   Mr. Wang is thinner than Mr. Lin.

   A computer is more expensive than a bicycle.

   than + 主格或受格

     You are taller than I. = You are taller than me.

     You are taller than I am.  (此處不得用受格)

     I like you better than he (likes you). 與主格比較

     I like you better than (I like) him.   與受格比較

   *比較的對象要合理而且不能與自己相比較

     (X) Your pencil is longer than I / me. 人與物比較

     (O) Your pencil is longer than mine.(=my pencil.)

     (X) Taipei is bigger than all the cities in Taiwan.所有城市包含Taipei

     (X) Taipei is bigger than any city in Taiwan.任何城市包含Taipei

     (O) Taipei is bigger than all the other cities in Taiwan. 所有/任何其他城市

     (O) Taipei is bigger than any other city in Taiwan.   則不包含Taipei

     (O) New York is bigger than all the cities/ any city in Taiwan. New York 不在台灣

        注意:all the other 複數 /  any other 單數

記法: any (任一個)+單數     all (全部-三者或三者以上) +複數

相同比較對象需排除自己other 

不同比較對象不需排除自己    不加other

(2) Who / Which + be +比較級 , A or B ? 

Who is taller, Tom or John?

Which is more expensive, a bicycle or a computer?

(3) ~ + be + the 比較級 + of the two. (兩個之中比較的那一個,~包含在兩個之中)

Tom is the taller of the two. = Tom is taller than the other boy.

This jacket is the more expensive of the two.

= This jacket is more expensive than the other one.

(4) very + 原級 ;  much / a lot / even / far/a little  比較級

Tom is much taller than Jack. (TomJack高多了。)

A compute is much more expensive than a bicycle.

(5) 比較級 and 比較級

(越來越~~) ~er and ~er / more and more ~

   In summer, the days become longer and longer.

   We have more and more tests at school now.

   She likes eating fast food and is growing fatter and fatter.

   English becomes more and more important in our daily life.

   There will be less and less pollution if everyone helps to save our earth.

   After a typhoon, the vegetables become more and more expensive.

   (越來越不~~)less and less ~

   As we grow up, we will become less and less happy.

   He became less and less careful on his work and finally was fired.

(6) The 比較級 , the 比較級. ( ~~~~)         

   The more, the better.(越多越好。)

   The more he reads, the less the understands.(他越讀越不明白。)

   The older we grow, the poor our memory will become.(年紀越大,記憶力越差。)

 

否定句

Jack is not as tall as Tom. --Tom is taller than Jack. = Jack is shorter than Tom.

  Jack不像Tom那麼高。--TomJack高。

  I don’t have as many books as you. --You have more books than I.

                                    = I have fewer books than you.

  This car isn’t as expensive as that one. --That car is more expensive than this one.

                                       = This car is cheaper than that one.

Jack is not taller than Tom.  不完全等於 Jack is shorter than Tom.

  Jack並沒有比Tom高。-- 可能比Tom矮,也可能和Tom一樣高。

  I didn’t come earlier than you. We may come here at the same time.

  I don’t have more pens than you. Maybe I have as many pens as you.

最高級的使用時機: the / 所有格 + 最高級

(1)   在一個範圍或團體中 in ~

The elephant is the biggest animal in the zoo.

Helen is the most active student in my class.

(2)   Who / Which + be +最高級 ,  A, B, or C ?

Who is the tallest, Tom, Jack, or David?

Which is the most expensive, a bicycle, a motorcycle, or a car?

(3)   ~ + be + the 最高級 + of the three / of all. (三個以上或全部之中)

   Of the three / of all , ~ + be + the 最高級

Tom is the tallest of the three boys. = Tom is taller than the other two boys.

This one is the most expensive of all the cars in the store.

Of all the girls in my class, Helen is the most active.

Of all my friends, Tom is the most important one to me.

(4)   ~ + be + one of the +最高級 +複數名詞

Love River is one of the most beautiful rivers in Taiwan.

Mark is one of the best students in my class.

(5)   ~ + be + the 最高級 ~ that 某人 have/ has ever p.p.

This is the longest train that I have ever seen. (這是我見過最長的火車。)

This is the most interesting book that I have ever read.( 這是我看過有趣的書。)

原級、比較級、最高級互換

 Taipei is the biggest city in Taiwan.

  = Taipei is bigger than any other city in Taiwan.

  = Taipei is bigger than all the other cities in Taiwan.

  = No other city in Taiwan is as big as Taipei.

  = No other cities in Taiwan are as big as Taipei.

Time is the most important of all things.

  = Time is more important than any other thing.

  = Nothing is more important than time.

  = Nothing is so important as time.

John is taller than any other student in his class.

 =John is taller than every other student in his class.

 = John is taller than all the other students in his class.

 =John is taller than anyone else in his class.

 =John is taller than everyone else in his class. 

   2018/12/13

修飾比較級的字與修飾原級的字

修飾原級形容詞: very  so  quite pretty

修飾比較級形容詞  much / a lot /a little/ even/ far/still

I am a little heavier than Helen. 我比Helen胖一點

2020.0923 更新

 比較級的文法中,除了使用比較級的形容詞加上than以外,還能使用下列的單字來表示比較級。但其後接的是to 對象,且to為介係詞,後加受格。

 

 與比較級than後加主詞不同。

 Cindy is older than I (am).

 Cindy ran faster than I (did).

 Cindy is senior to me.

 be senior to = be older than(地位高的、年長的、高級的)

 be junior to = be younger than(年少的;後進的;下級的),

 be superior to = be better than(優於;地位高的;上層的;上好的;出眾的)

 be inferior to = be worse than (劣於;較低的;次等的;不如的;下級的),

 be prior to = be earlier than(早於;優先的;在前的;更重要的)

 be posterior to = be later than(晚於;後面的、後部的、隨後的),

 be anterior to (前面的;前部的;較早的),

Interactive Response System is superior to paper tests.


PS.此資料取自網路,因忘記出處,所以未註明,版權方可以來信告知或回覆。

已修改網路資料文法錯誤部分 

Copyright © 莓子貓坊  All rights reserved 版權所有轉載必究

比較級教材(教學講義) 

最高級(教學教材) 

比較級與最高級(2020.09.23更新) 

英文倍數比較級 

prefer to rather than 文法 

英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較

 

 free 單字用法 

 

not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 

 

英文教學遊戲 

 

英文筆記1 

 

英文單字闖關遊戲 複合形容詞 (2) 

 

find, keep, leave, catch 文法 

 

家族親戚的英文稱謂怎麼說 

 

帶有使役之意卻使用不定詞(to V原)的動詞 

 

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

 

複合形容詞 (2) 

 

英文時間地點哪個先寫 

 

How many How much 數量詞 

 

現在簡單式─第三人稱單數 

 

How to use some & any 

 

take 用法總整理 

 

複合不定代名詞的用法 

 

Here倒裝句文法 

 

come on 的用法 

 

If 連接的句子到底要用現在式還是未來式 

 

Because/so/because of 用法  

 

Mr./Miss/Ms./Mrs.到底怎麼使用 

 

used to VR /be used to V-ing / be used to  

 

關係先行詞是 one of + 複數名詞 who/which 複數動詞 

 

well 的用法 

 

英文祈使句的用法 

 

現在進行式的用法 

 

形容詞的用法 

 

too to /so that /such that/enough to 文法 

 

哪些動詞沒有被動語態 

 

wish不可能實現的願望與hope之差別 

 

have 用法總整理 

 

從屬連接詞 when before after  

 

感官動詞 look at /watch/see/ hear/ listen to/feel/notice/smell 

 

high/highly/hard/hardly/late/lately 差別 

 

不定代名詞 Both of /Two of 差別比較  

 

How to compliment on somebody's clothes? 如何用英文稱讚別人的衣著 

 

Own 的使用方式 of one's own /on one's own 

 

as...as和...一樣 動物比喻 

 

deal 相關片語 deal with/ No big deal 

 

last/latest/last one 用法 

 

Go+Ving 表從事某活動 文法 

 

die death dead 的相關用法與片語 

 

Go to church VS. Go to the church 有the沒the 大不同  

 

國中易搞混與難分辨動詞 

 

主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字 

 

work in /work for /work out /work at 

 

someday one day the order day some other day 用法 

 

else用法 

 

英文動詞三態記憶口訣(3) 

 

英文文法 whose 當疑問詞誰的&所有格代名詞 

 

to與of 翻成...的 使用方法 

 

動詞過去式過去分詞記憶口訣(2) 

 

英文動詞三態記憶口訣(一) 

 

英文課堂用語(2) Classroom English 

 

英文字尾er/or/ist 職業相關英文單字 

 

英文課堂用語(1) 

 

英文時間星期縮寫與上下午AM/PM用法 

 

英文單字marry(結婚)的用法 

 

英文天氣相關說法與口訣 

 

過去式 when 當連接詞 

 

Where 疑問副詞用法 

 

連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow 

 

反身代名詞  

 

過去完成式  

 

國中文法練習題 間接問句 too~to so~that 介係詞片語 

 

so neither too either 用法 附和句 

 

間接問句題目練習 

 

授與動詞(雙賓動詞)記憶口訣 

 

Wh問句與BE動詞問句(1) What time how often how long how far how soon 

 

交通工具搭乘表示文法 

 

12月份英文記憶口訣 

 

未來式 Will & be going to  

 

To VR 不定詞&V-ing 動名詞文法(2018.10.12更新) 

 

詢問如何前往某地文法 How did you get to school yesterday? 

 

過去式動詞變化型 

 

過去式文法句型 

 

過去式BE動詞was were  

 

英文單字聯想記憶術(國中1200字) 

 

雙字片語可分式片語與不可分式片語總整理(2017.3.15更新) 

 

被動語態(感官&使役&授與動詞)

 

關係代名詞子句當主詞使用 

 

過去分詞當形容詞 

 

使役動詞make have let get help 

 

連綴動詞文法 

 

雙賓動詞(授與動詞)文法(2) 

 

間接問句講義&練習題 

 

英文文法被動時態 

 

附加問句文法 

 

情態副詞用法(講義) 

 

spend cost take 花錢花時間的用法(講義) 

 

數量不定代名詞&代名詞與不定代名詞(講義) 

 

時間介係詞 in at on  

 

頻率副詞 

 

間接問句題目練習 

 

英文被動語態文法 

 

現在完成式 

 

talk speak say tell 說的用法 

 

頻率副詞的用法 always usually often sometimes seldom never 

 

天氣詢問法 What's the weather like? How's the weather? 

 

英文問路與指路用法 

 

英文常見量詞  

 

There is/ There are 有某物在.... 

 

過去進行式 

 

very , much , very much , only 副詞的用法 

 

詢問日期與星期 

 

do 與make 用法的不同  

 

不定代名詞one/another/the other 用法 

 

英文文法附和句 

 

英文年月日寫法 

 

人稱代名詞、名詞單複數、所有格 

 

英文時間表示法(幾點幾分英文) 

 

四季春夏秋冬英文 

 

neither...nor& either..or...&not only...but(also)... 

 

星期英文星期一到星期日  

 

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any  

 

關係代名詞當主詞、受詞、所有格 講義 

 

後位修飾法 講義 形容詞片語修飾名詞

 

How would you like your steak? 牛排幾分熟? 

 

英文口語詢問別人怎麼了 

 

too~to &so that 文法講義 

 

間接問句(whether&if)Yes or No 疑問句改間接問句 講義 

 

英文簡易常用介係詞 

 

國中文法do 和does的用法 

 

吃湯還是喝湯eat soup or drink soup 

 

 

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