一、定義

「形容詞最高級」是用來比較三個或三個以上的人、事或物。

 例:(1) The cat is the cutest of all his pets.(那隻貓是他所有寵物中最可愛的。)

                   一隻貓  特色比較  某人的所有寵物(有三隻或三隻以上)

 

          (2) The car is the most expensive of all the cars in the shop.

            一輛車     價格比較       店裡所有的車(有三輛或三輛以上)

             (那輛車是店裡所有的車中最昂貴的。)

二、形容詞最高級的形成

1. 規則變化

規則

原級

最高級

單音節

字尾直接加 -est

long(長的)

longest

字尾為不發音e,直接加 -st

nice(好的)

nicest

字尾為「短母音+單子音」,

重複字尾子音字母再加 -est

big(大的)

biggest

字尾為「子音+y」,去字尾 -y -iest

dry(乾的)

driest

雙音節

字尾為「子音+y」,去字尾 -y -iest

busy(忙碌的)

busiest

直接在形容詞前加most

handsome(英俊的)

most handsome

多音節

三個音節以上,在形容詞前加most

beautiful(美麗的)

most beautiful

2. 不規則變化

    有些形容詞變成最高級時,會連原來的樣子都改變,稱為不規則變化,這些形容詞須熟記

    例:

   (1) good → best                        (2) bad → worst                  

  (3) many / much → most            (4) little → least               

  (5) far farthest / furthest        (6) old oldest / eldest

3. 有些雙音節形容詞,字尾直接加 -est ,也可在字前加 most 來形成最高級。

    例:(1) quiet → quietest / most quiet             

          (2) polite → politest / most polite

          (3) simple → simplest / most simple         

          (4) common → commonest / most common

補充

1. eldest 用在指家庭關係中兄、姐、長子、長女等關係,且用在名詞之前:

    例:(1) eldest / oldest brother(長兄)

            (2) eldest / oldest son(長子)

                 → 使用比較級elder / older時,表示家中有兩個兒子或女兒;

                     使用最高級eldest / oldest時,表示家中有三個或三個以上的兒子或女兒。

2. late的最高級latest意為「最遲的、最新的」,表示時間上較近發生的。而last解釋為「最後面的」,表示在順序上最後面的。
例:(1) Giddens’ latest novel is very popular.
   (九把刀最新的小說非常受歡迎。)
  (2) December is the last month of a year.
   (十二月是一年的最後一個月。)

3. farthest 與 furthest 在最高級中,若指的是實際距離上的「最遠」,意思相同:

    例:(1) farthest / furthest market(最遠的市場)→ farthest / furthest 為形容詞

            (2) jump the farthest / jump the furthest(跳得最遠)→ farthest / furthest 為副詞

 ˙寫出正確的最高級形式

 1. thin         →                  2. large         →           

 3. true         →                  4. loud          →           

 5. poor        →                  6. wide         →           

 7. new         →                  8. fresh         →           

 9. little        →                  10. small         →           

11. beautiful →                  12. popular     →           

13. angry       →                  14. handsome →           

15. quiet        →                  16. exciting    →           

三、結構

1. 基本句型:「名詞+be動詞+the形容詞最高+名詞介系詞片語.」。

    (1) 做比較時,通常會有指定的對象或範圍,故會在形容詞最高級之前加上 the以點出對象
       或範圍內「最……」的那一個

    (2)「介系詞片語」通常是要用來做比較的「指定對象或範圍」。

    (3) 若比較的對象明確,形容詞最高級後面的名詞可以省略。

          例:1 Amy is the tallest (student) in her class.(Amy是她班上身高最高的學生。)

            → 因為比較特質(身高)與對象(同一個班上的學生)明確,所以student可省略。

            2.The blue pen is the cheapest of the three.(這枝藍色原子筆是三枝筆中最便宜的。)

          → 因為比較對象(pen)明確,而且主詞中已經有pen,所以最高級形容詞後面的

            名詞pen省略,以避免重複。

˙填充式翻譯

1. 這部電影是所有電影中最有趣的。

    The movie is  the most interesting  of all.

2. 林志玲是那四個人當中最高的。

    Chi-ling Lin is  the tallest  of the four.

3. Justin的歌是所有歌曲中最特別的。

    Justin’s songs are   the saddest of all.

4. 她是這五個女孩中最悲傷的。

    She is the saddest  girl of the five.

5. Paul是所有人之中最聰明的。

    Paul is  the smartest  of all.

6. 卡片、鮮花與巧克力,哪一樣最昂貴?

    Which is  the expensive: a card, flowers, or chocolate?

7. 姚明是這支籃球隊當中最高的球員。

    Yao Ming is the tallest player on the basketball team.

8. Susan是表演中最胖的歌手。

    Susan is  the fattest  singer in the show.

9. 大衛‧貝克漢是英國最英俊的足球員。

    David Beckham is  the most handsome soccer player in the UK.

10.鯨魚是全世界體型最大的動物。

    A whale is   the largest animal in the world.

11.螞蟻是所有(昆蟲)當中最忙碌的。

    Ants are  the busiest   of all.

1. The building is very tall. It is    the tallest   in the world.

2. Today is a happy day. In fact, it is  the happiest day  of my life.

3. Vivian is a popular singer. She is   the most singer  in the country.

4. The black jacket is expensive. It is   the most expensive  of the five.

2. What isthe形容詞最高+名詞+介系詞片語?

    例:What is the largest city in the world?

            (哪一個城市是世界上最大的城市?)

3. Which (one) isthe形容詞最高, A, B, or C?

    例:Which (one) is the smartest, Helen, Mary, or Lucy?

            HelenMaryLucy哪一個最聰明?)

四、比較級與最高級的互換句型

    「名詞+be 動詞+the形容詞最高+名詞+介系詞片語.

→「名詞+be動詞+形容詞比較級+thanany other單數名詞+介系詞片語.(排除自己)

→「名詞+be動詞+形容詞比較級+thanall the other複數名詞+介系詞片語.

 ※ 三個句型的主要意思雷同。

例:(1) Tina is the thinnest girl in my class.Tina是我班上最瘦的女孩。)

       Tina is thinner than any other girl in my class.Tina比我班上任何一個女孩還瘦。)

       Tina is thinner than all the other girls in my class.Tina比我班上所有其他女孩還瘦。)

              三句都表示「Tina是我班上最瘦的女孩」。

       (2) The blue whale is the largest animal in the world.(藍鯨是世界上最大型的動物。)

       → The blue whale is larger than any other animal in the world.

         (藍鯨比世界上任何一種動物還大。)

       → The blue whale is larger than all the other animals in the world.

          (藍鯨比世界上所有其他動物還大。)

           ※ 三句都表示「藍鯨是世界上最大型的動物」。

五、與最高級並用的慣用語

by far(顯然;非常地)

例:The turtle is by far the oldest animal in the zoo.

     (那烏龜顯然是動物園中年紀最大的動物。)

一、文法選擇

(  D  )   1.  In this five-person game, the one who finds     hidden balls will win the last free ticket for the movie A Born Player.                                                                                     【99-1-10】

                     (A) many                      (B) some                      (C) the more                (D) the most

(  D  )   2.  Nancy is     player on the school basketball team.

                     (A) good                      (B) better                     (C) a best                     (D) the best

(  C  )   3.  Kevin studies five subjects at school. History is     subject for him.

                     (A) difficult                 (B) most difficult         (C) the most difficult  (D) the more difficult

(  B  )   4.      is the longest river in the world?

                     (A) Where                    (B) What                      (C) Who                      (D) How

(  A  )   5.  February is shorter than     of the year.

                     (A) any other month    (B) any months            (C) all months              (D) all other month

 ( C ) 6. Snow White is     girl in the story.
(A) most beautiful                                      (B) beautiful

                     (C) the most beautiful                                (D) more beautiful

( A )   7. Swimming is     of all the sports. I go swimming every day.

                   (A) the most interesting                             (B) most interesting

                     (C) more interesting                                   (D) interesting

( D )   8. Winter is     season of a year. You need to wear more clothes when it comes.

                     (A) cold                    (B) coldest                (C) colder                 (D) the coldest

( C )   9. Stephen Chow is     of all the actors. When I watch his movies, I feel very happy.

                     (A) funny                  (B) funniest               (C) the funniest        (D) funnier

( A ) 10. Ron: Hi, Hermione. Why do you look sad?

                     Hermione: The test this morning was very    . I failed it.
(A) difficult              (B) more difficult     (C) most difficult     (D) the difficult

( C ) 11. Koalas are the     in the zoo, but people still love them very much.
(A) lazy                     (B) lazier                   (C) laziest                 (D) most lazy

( D ) 12. Amanda: Who is     of all the actors in the TV program?

                 Ted: Jackie Chan. Almost everyone knows about him.
(A) famous               (B) very famous        (C) most famous       (D) the most famous

( C ) 13. Hualien City isn’t the biggest city in Taiwan, but it is the most beautiful     in Taiwan.
(A) of city                 (B) of all cities          (C) of all the cities    (D) in every city

( B ) 14. The movie is    . All of my friends went to see it.
(A) the popular         (B) very popular        (C) most popular       (D) more popular

( D ) 15. Jack: These five dogs are cute.

                     Miranda: I like     one. Can I feed it?

                     (A) small                   (B) smaller                (C) smallest               (D) the smallest

( B ) 16. John is     than his brother because he exercises every day.
(A) healthy               (B) healthier              (C) healthiest            (D) the healthiest

( A ) 17. Mr. Campbell just won the lottery(中樂透)! He is the     man in the world.
(A) luckiest               (B) luckily                 (C) luckier                 (D) lucky

二、依提示填入適當形容詞的級

1. Bob: Do you want to see the movie Ice Age with me?

    Lisa: Sure. It is           (interesting) of all the movies now.

2. Ulysses: Did you watch the movie Shaolin Soccer before?

    Benjamin: Of course. It is           (great) movie in history.

3. London is           (big) city in the UK. No other cities in the UK are bigger than it.

4. Jane is           (old) girl of the five sisters. Elizabeth, Mary, Catherine, and Lydia are all Jane’s younger sisters.

5. He is           (slim) boy in the class. He doesn’t like to eat.

6. Our history teacher is           (bad) teacher at school. No one likes to go to his class.

7. Rita is           (beautiful) than her sisters, so they envy her very much.

8. Bananas are too           (sweet). For me, apples are           (good) than bananas.

9. The traffic in Taipei is much           (heavy) than the traffic in Nantou.

10. Uncle Ted is the           (good)! He always helps me with my homework.

三、圈選正確的答案

1.  The USA is (  big   /  bigger  /  the biggest  ) than Japan.

2.  The weather in Taipei is as (  bad  /  worse  /  the worst  ) as in Yilan.

3.  Mr. Lee has three sons. Jeremy is (  the old  /  the older  /  the oldest  ) one.

4.  It is (  farthest  /  furthest  /  by far  ) the tallest tree in the park.

5.  I bought the dress because it’s (  beautiful  /  more beautiful  /  the most beautiful  ) in the shop.

四、克漏字測驗

A rabbit and a few turtles are having a race. The rabbit is sure that it will win. It says to the turtles, “You cannot be  1.  than I am. You’ll lose.” The turtles say, “It’s too
 2.  to tell. Let’s begin now!”

So they begin to run. At first, the rabbit runs very fast. Ten minutes  3. , it stops. It looks back at the turtles and thinks, “The turtles are so slow. Why don’t I take a rest now?”

But the turtles run past the rabbit when it sleeps. At the end, they all reach the finish line  4.  than the rabbit. Now who’s  5.  of them all?

& past 經過 reach 抵達 finish line 終點線

( B )   1. (A) fast                     (B) faster                   (C) fastest                 (D) the fastest

( A )   2. (A) early                   (B) late                      (C) much                   (D) more

( C )   3. (A) late                     (B) latter                   (C) later                    (D) latest

( B )   4. (A) early                   (B) earlier                  (C) more early           (D) earliest

( D )   5. (A) slow                    (B) slower                 (C) slowest               (D) the slowest

比較級與最高級(2020.09.23更新) 

比較級教材(教學講義) 

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