Although+ S + V, S + V
Though+ S + V, S + V
Even though S + V, S + V.
Even if S + V, S + V.
much as S + V, S + V.
口訣:雖然有(Although )O肉，但是(but) 把特不想吃 (有O肉就沒有把特)
We are also slowly killing the planet, even though we might not be aware of it（我們也在慢慢殺害地球，雖然我們可能沒有意識到。）
James never goes to school late , even though he has to spend two hours getting there every day.
Much as I am willing to go with you, I have plenty of homework to do now.(儘管我想跟你去，但是我現在有很多作業要做)
Despite + N/ V-ing , S + V
For all + N/ V-ing , S + V
With all + N/ V-ing , S + V
Notwithstanding + N/ V-ing , S + V
Despite the fact that + S + V, S + V
in spite of/regardless of + N/V-ing
in spite of/regardless of the fact that + S + V
表「雖然；儘管」，為介系詞，後面只能接名詞、動名詞或是加上 the fact that 後接子句，逗點之後再接主要子句。
Despite 後不接of /要使用of 需使用in spite of或regardless of
Despite the cold weather, Sam still went swimming in the lake.
= In spite of the cold weather, Sam still went swimming in the lake.
We found our way home despite losing our map.
= We found our way home in spite of losing our map.
（ C ）1. My brother acts like a child, he’s in his middle thirties. (A) rather (B) even (C) even though (D) however
（ D ）2. my great-grandmother is 92 years old, she has a good memory and can walk without a walking stick.
(A) Because (B) But (C) So that (D) Even though
A + 名詞 名詞單數時，冠詞要去掉。
副詞 + as[though] S + V , ........... 雖然...；儘管...
分詞 ßas, though都是「雖然」的意思。
Although she is a student, she earns million dollars.
= Student as she is, she earns million dollars. 冠詞要去掉
Although she is beautiful, she is bad at everything.
= Beautiful though she is, she is bad at everything.
Although he may try, he can not succeed.
= Try as he may, he can not succeed. 甚至連動詞也可以移前
( ) 1. her disappointment at the results, Kelly seemed to remain calm.
(A) Although (B) However (C) In spite of (D) When it comes to
( ) 2. Despite up late, we were able to get to the meeting on time.
(A) get (B) getting (C) to get (D) got
( ) 3. her doctor told her to rest, she still worked hard day and night.
(A) Though (B) Regardless of (C) Except for (D) But for
( ) 4. The boy went out without a jacket the cold weather.
(A) along with (B) far from (C) in addition to (D) in spite of
( ) 5. Despite he was only ten, Jeff could run faster than any other kid in the school.
(A) × (B) of (C) that (D) the fact that
A. 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. D