Although+ S + V, S + V

Though+ S + V, S + V

Even though S + V, S + V.

Even if S + V, S + V.

much as S + V, S + V.

口訣:雖然有(Although )O肉,但是(but) 把特不想吃 (有O肉就沒有把特)

為連接詞,連接兩個完整子句(有主詞有動詞),表示「儘管、雖然」。引導的子句可置於主要子句之前或之後,中間用逗點隔開。

皆不可再加連接詞but

We are also slowly killing the planet, even though we might not be aware of it(我們也在慢慢殺害地球,雖然我們可能沒有意識到。)

 James never goes to school late , even though he has to spend two hours getting there every day.

James上學從不遲到,雖然他每天去上學要花上兩個小時。)

Much as I am willing to go with you, I have plenty of homework to do now.(儘管我想跟你去,但是我現在有很多作業要做)

Despite + N/ V-ing , S + V

For all + N/ V-ing , S + V

With all + N/ V-ing , S + V

Notwithstanding + N/ V-ing , S + V

Despite the fact that + S + V, S + V

in spite of/regardless of + N/V-ing

in spite of/regardless of the fact that + S + V

表「雖然;儘管」,為介系詞,後面只能接名詞、動名詞或是加上 the fact that 後接子句,逗點之後再接主要子句。

Despite 後不接of /要使用of 需使用in spite ofregardless of

Despite the cold weather, Sam still went swimming in the lake.

= In spite of the cold weather, Sam still went swimming in the lake.

  儘管天氣很冷,山姆還是去湖中游泳。

We found our way home despite losing our map.

= We found our way home in spite of losing our map.

  儘管弄丟了地圖,我們還是找到回家的路。

 

( C )1. My brother acts like a child,    he’s in his middle thirties.  (A) rather     (B) even  (C) even though   (D) however

 

( D )2.    my great-grandmother is 92 years old, she has a good memory and can walk without a walking stick.

 

                          (A) Because  (B) But  (C) So that    (D) Even though

 

 A  + 名詞                        名詞單數時,冠詞要去掉。

 形容詞

 副詞          + as[though]  S + V , ...........       雖然...;儘管...

 分詞                       ßas, though都是「雖然」的意思。

 動詞原形                        

    (1) 她雖是一名學生,卻賺入百萬元。

 Although she is a student, she earns million dollars.

   = Student as she is, she earns million dollars.     冠詞要去掉

 (2) 她雖然很美麗,但卻什麼也不會。

 Although she is beautiful, she is bad at everything.

     = Beautiful though she is, she is bad at everything.

 (3) 即使他去試,他也不可能成功。

Although he may try, he can not succeed.

   = Try as he may, he can not succeed.  甚至連動詞也可以移前

 補充練習

 A. 選出正確的答案

 (  ) 1.    her disappointment at the results, Kelly seemed to remain calm.

(A) Although (B) However (C) In spite of (D) When it comes to

(  ) 2. Despite    up late, we were able to get to the meeting on time.

(A) get (B) getting (C) to get (D) got

(  ) 3.   her doctor told her to rest, she still worked hard day and night.

(A) Though (B) Regardless of (C) Except for (D) But for

(  ) 4. The boy went out without a jacket    the cold weather.

(A) along with (B) far from (C) in addition to (D) in spite of

(  ) 5. Despite     he was only ten, Jeff could run faster than any other kid in the school.

(A)    × (B) of (C) that (D) the fact that

參考答案:

 A. 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. D 

neither...nor& either..or...&not only...but(also)... 

從屬連接詞 when before after  

If 連接的句子到底要用現在式還是未來式 

Because/so/because of 用法  

As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when 一~就~文法 

although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 雖然...但是...文法句型 

連接詞總整理 

 

can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法 

 

連接詞總整理 

 

英文文法時態總整理 

 

總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法 

 

 not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 

 

No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 

 

 抽象名詞片語 

 

 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法

 

other than/besides/except/except for/aside from/apart from文法使用方式

 

 當介係詞使用的to ,後加v-ing

 

 雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR

 

 與現在/過去事實相反的假設語氣

 

 unless if not 用法

 

 顏色相關的英語片語

 

 英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級

 

 assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法

 

 lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法

 

 There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句

 

 ...也不為過英文句型 can't too

 

 not to mention/not much of a 使用方法

 

 nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法

 

 As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法

 

 表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型

 

 that 同位語

 

 英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句

 

 It 作虛主詞的常見句型

 

 A along with B 使用方式

 

 as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to

 

 英文倍數比較級

 

 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果

 

 apply to apply for apply 使用法

 

 A片語

 

 複合形容詞

 

 易搞混難分辨的動詞(1)

 

 主詞動詞一致 note

 

 接動名詞的動詞片語 notes

 

 prefer to rather than 文法

 

 rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

 

 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes

 

 It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法

 

 英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes

 

 英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes

 

 數量詞筆記

 

 形容詞的順序與位置 notes

 

 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.

 

 Be known for,as, to 的差別

 

 If 假設語氣文法

 

 

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