連綴動詞become 與get的用法

 

 

主詞

become/get

原級形容詞

變成~狀態

Is becoming/getting

比較級形容詞

變得比較~

became/got

比較級形容詞and比較級形容詞(單音或雙音節形容詞)

more and more+原級形容詞(多音節形容詞)

變得越來越~

The weather becomes/gets hot. (天氣變熱)

The weather is becoming /getting hot.(天氣漸漸變熱)

The weather became /got hot.(天氣變熱了)

It becomes/gets hotter. (天氣變得比較熱)

It is becoming /getting hotter. (天氣正變得比較熱)

It became/got hotter.(天氣變得比較熱了)

It beomes/gets hotter and hotter.(天氣變得越來越熱)

It is becoming and getting hotte and hotter.(天氣正變得越來越熱)

It became /got hotter and hotter. (天氣變的越來越熱了)

Mary is getting more and more beautiful.(Mary 變得越來越漂亮了)

比較級形容詞and比較級形容詞…increasingly +原級形容詞

The problem of air pollution is increasungly serious.

= The problem of air pollution is getting more and more serious.

表示「愈......」時,可用下列句型:

 

雙重比較Double comparatives的文法結構如下,

The + comparative

Subject + verb

Comma (,)

The + comparative

Subject + verb

the + 比較級+

主詞+動詞

,

The 比較級

主詞+動詞

此句型可以用來表示因果關係,其中第一個the所引導的子句是副詞子句,隱含If/When +S+V的意義,而第二個the 後接的才是主要子句。

1.The more you help others, the happier you will feel. (你越幫助別人,你會越快樂)

If /When you help others more, you will feel happier. (如果/當你幫助別人,你將覺得更快樂)

2The more you prepare for your exams, the better scores you will get.(你為考試準備越多,你會得到越好成績)

If you prppare for your exams more, you will ger the better scores.

3 The more complicated the situation (is), the more difficult it is to slove the problem.

情況越複雜,解決問題就越困然

 

1. 兩個句子不需要在結構上對等(如形容詞對形容詞,副詞對副詞),只要都是比較級即可。在雙重比較中出現的兩個比較級可以分屬不同值的比較,而且,前後兩個比較級的主詞不一定要相同。

The larger the house is, the more time it takes to clean it.

房子越大越需要時間整理。

前一子句主詞為房子,後一子句主詞為整理房子。

The more carefully you drive, the fewer accidents you’ll have.越小心駕駛越少意外

前為劣級比較,後為優級比較。

2. 若 the + 比較級 + N. 為完整片語結構,須整組往前搬。

     The more money you make, the more girlfriends you have.

     The harder you study, the better grades you’ll get.

3. 若主詞不是代名詞而其後動詞為 be時,be常省略,若句中的主詞為代名詞(he, it, you, they…)或專有名詞(Mary, John)時,則Be動詞不得省略。

 The better the boy (is), the more I like him.

 (這男孩愈好,我愈喜歡他。)

 The better John is, the more I like him.

 (約翰愈好,我就愈喜歡約翰。)

4. 常見其他省略說法:

   The sooner, the better. 愈快愈好。

   The more, the merrier. 人愈多愈快樂。

   More haste, less speed (欲速則不達)

※注意

 使用「愈…愈…」的句型,要注意下列兩點:若句中無副詞 
 或形容詞,則在 The 或 the 之後放副詞 more 或 less。

 The more you love me, the nicer I'll be to you.

 (你愈愛我,我就對你愈好。)

 詞片語ving&p.p.

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