1        The American diplomatic doctrine(宗教的)教義,教旨;主義,信條;政策 has always meant to advance multiple goals, a doctrine that seeks to achieve the highest possible level of   of one's enemies, while simultaneously enjoying the warmest reception 歡迎 from one's allies.

美國的外交政策有意發展多方目標,政策追求達成勸退某國的敵人為最高可能層級,同時可以從同盟國那享受最熱烈的歡迎。

dissuasion n.勸阻規勸    violence暴力                     security安全                                          sophistication老於世故

2        Rooftop 屋頂上的gardens have many   effects on urban neighborhoods. 樓頂花園再市區鄰近的地方有很多正面的影響

chronic長期的                  positive正面的                     moral道德的                                          sensible明智的;合情理的;意識到的,察覺到的

3        Low-income families cannot          the luxurious products displayed in the department store. expand展開                             afford負擔                                  weigh秤…重量                 prevent防止

低收入家庭無法負擔展示在百貨公司裡的奢侈品

4        The producer believed that big names in the show business could lift his TV show’s poor rating, so he decided to invite as many _______ as he could to join the show.

celebrities名人                 diplomats外交官                 philosophers哲學家                                          technicians

技術人員,技師


 

 

5        My grandmother is a friendly woman who likes to          to new neighbors by making cookies for them.    

(A)break down ph.(因機械、電力等故障)停止運轉, 失靈, 失效;失敗; 崩潰; 瓦解; 垮                     

(B)end up結果成為, 最終成為; ...終結; (偶然)到達(某處); (壞結果)終結到達或來到某處, 達到某狀態或採取某行動(尤指經一長路程或過程)                                     

(C)reach out伸手,伸出援助之手                            

(D)set back使延遲; 往回撥鐘錶等; 使...倒退

我的祖母是個很友善的女人,她喜歡像新鄰居伸出援手(敦親睦鄰),借由製作餅乾給他們

6        El Niño 聖嬰現象has helpeddrought in many parts of the world, leaving millions hungry.

energize                              instigate

trigger 觸發,引起   sustain vt.支撐;承受,承擔;維持,供養;支援 energize供給……能量;激勵;使精力充沛 instigate 唆使;慫恿;煽動,挑動

聖嬰現象已經在世界上許多地方引起乾旱,導致百萬人飢餓。

7        People suffering from economic recession will migrate from the country to the city, mostly attracted by the of work.


process

 

process 過程,進程;步驟;程序;工序;製作法

aspect 方面,觀點[C][+of]

pretext n.[C]藉口;託辭

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