other than 是一個片語,指「除了....之外」than 後面接名詞或名詞子句

 other than 除了之外,只有例外(不包括,排除在外)

 例句:Other than the terms above, we accept your offer.

 除了以上的條款外,我們接受你的提議。

Everyone went home other than me. = Everyone went home except me.

 (除了我之外,每個人都回家了。)

 She never discussed the matter with anyone other than Mary.

 = Aside from Mary, she never discussed the matter with anyone.

 = She never discussed the matter with anyone except Mary.

 (除了瑪莉之外,她從不和任何人討論此事。)

 There was no food other than an apple. 除了蘋果以外,再沒有其他食物。

 =There was no food except an apple.

 except except for 皆表示為除了之外,只有例外(不包括,排除在外)

 except for的後面只能接名詞和名詞片語,可以放在句首。

 except的後面既可以接名詞、名詞片語,也可以皆子句、介詞片語甚至動詞,只能放於句中。

  all, any, every, no, none, anything, anybody, anyone, everything, everybody, everyone, nobody, nothing 等表示總括的不定代名詞之後,一般都用 except 而不用 except for

 My mother didn’t give me any money except for books.

 (我母親沒有給我任何錢,除了買書以外。買書會給錢)

 moneybook是不同類別的事物,因此使用except for

 Everyone gets good grades except John.(每個人都獲得好成績除了John以外)

 everyoneJohn 是同類,因此使用except

 Except for the service, I enjoy everything about this restaurant. (置於句首)

 除了服務以外,我覺得這家餐廳還不錯。

 S + V. Besides, S + V.  ……此外……(包含在內)

 (1)  besides為副詞,同義的片語:in addition

 (2)  besides也可作介系詞用,用法為besides + N, S + VBesides V-ing, S + V。同義的片語:in addition to, apart from, aside from

 My mother can’t use the smartphone. Besides, it’s too hard for her to learn how to use it.

 (我母親不會使用智慧型手機。此外,要學習使用手機對她而言太困難。)

 If you want to get healthy, you have to exercise every day. Besides, you need to quit smoking.

 =If you want to get healthy, you have to exercise every day in addition to quitting smoking.

 (如果你想獲得健康,你必須要每天運動。此外,你還要戒菸。)

 

 …, including…  包含……在內

 包含(部分)在內的寫法:

 (1)S + V…, including + O.

 (2)S + V…, O + included.

 (3)S + V…, inclusive of + O.

 including所接的受詞只是整體裡的一部分而已。

 The bill is $700, including tax and service.

 =The bill is $700, tax and service included.

 =The bill is $700, inclusive of tax and service.

 本帳單金額為七百元,含稅及服務費。

 …, excluding …  不包含……在內

 句型:

 (1)S + V…, excluding + O. 

(2)S + V…, O + excluded. 

(3)S + V…, exclusive of + O. 

The bill is $700, excluding tax and service.

 =The bill is $700, tax and service excluded.

 =The bill is $700, exclusive of tax and service.

 本帳單金額為七百元,不含稅及服務費。

 

商業英語單字1  

英文單字聯想法  

國中進階800單字 1200至2000單  

國中會考單字相似字辨別  

argue, quarrel, debate, dispute, discuss 的不同使用情況  

far 與 care 相關字意用法   

相似字 tonic toxic    decide/beside/besides 相似字   

daunt flaunt haunt gaunt   

Stature Statute Status Statue illegible eligible   

claim 相似字 notes   

ingenuous, indignant, contiguity, indigenous, ingenious, congenital, indigent, 單字記憶法   

used to VR /be used to V-ing / be used to    

high/highly/hard/hardly/late/lately 差別   

last/latest/last one 用法   

Go to church VS. Go to the church 有the沒the 大不同   

someday one day the order day some other day 用法   

work in /work for /work out /work at   

last/latest/last one 用法   

very , much , very much , only 副詞的用法   

do 與make 用法的不同    

talk speak say tell 說的用法   

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any    

spend cost take 花錢花時間的用法(講義)  

除了~之外文法except besides including excluded  

lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法  

assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法  

as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to   

rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes  

apply to apply for apply 使用法  

Be known for,as, to 的差別  

英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes 

 

「動詞+sb+of sth」英文句型 accuse of  

All you can do is VR 你能做的只有...文法句型 

表述心得想法意見英文怎麼說 

a number of /a amount of/ plenty of 數量詞用法(3) 

suggest 建議require 要求order命令 that + S + (should) + VR 

instead of vs. instead 而不是 vs. 反而 

fillstuff 的使用差異 

be (adv.) likely to + V 可能……

英語表達連接、轉折、舉例、總結的用語 

瞬間動詞

助動詞總整理 part3 

助動詞總整理 part 2 

與現在/過去事實相反的假設語氣 

unless if not 用法 

英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級 

There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句 

...也不為過英文句型 

not to mention/not much of a 使用方法 

As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法 

although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 雖然...但是...文法句型 

助動詞總整理 part 1 

比較less than, not less than, no less than, no less… than, not than..用法之不同 

It is no good/ use Ving 沒有用 

倒裝句文法總整理

 抽象名詞片語

 No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 

find, keep, leave, catch 文法

 not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是……

 總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法

 can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法

 連接詞總整理 

英文文法時態總整理 

帶有使役之意卻使用不定詞(to V)的動詞 

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

複合形容詞 (2) 

複合不定代名詞的用法 

Here倒裝句文法 

used to VR /be used to V-ing / be used to

 關係先行詞是 one of + 複數名詞 who/which 複數動詞

 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法 

除了~之外文法except besides including excluded 

雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR

 that 同位語 

英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句 

主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字 

It 作虛主詞的常見句型 

英文文法 whose 當疑問詞誰的&所有格代名詞 

A along with B 使用方式

 連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow

 as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to

 英文倍數比較級

 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果

 國中高一英文閱讀測驗

 apply to apply for apply 使用法 

so neither too either 用法附和句 

A片語   複合形容詞 

易搞混難分辨的動詞(1)   主詞動詞一致 note 

接動名詞的動詞片語 notes 

prefer to rather than...而不是文法 

rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes 

It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法 

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