How many可用來詢問某人擁有或需要的可數物品「數量」有多少,助動詞則要與搭配的主詞一致;而在問句中的be動詞,一般是以複數be動詞呈現。

疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數可數名詞。助動詞依照主詞作變化,第三人稱單數為does,其餘為do。助動詞之後的動詞皆為原形動詞,動詞字尾無需動詞變化

 

肯定答句:

主詞

動詞

基數(+可數名詞).
基數+量詞s/es(+of+可數名詞).

I/We/You/They

have/need

six (apples).

six boxes (of apples).

He/She

has
needs

five (apples).

three bags (of apples).

否定答句:

主詞

否定助動詞

動詞

形容詞

可數名詞.

I/We/You/They

don't

have/need

any

(apples).

He/She

doesn't

have/need

any

(apples).

How many flowers do you need?(你需要幾朵花?) 

I don’t need any.(我不需要任何花。)

How many dogs does she have?(她有多少隻狗?)

She has two dogs.(她有兩隻狗。)

1.  Neil: Cindy有幾臺車呢? Zora: 她有四臺車。

     Neil: How many cars does Cindy have?        Zora: She has four cars.

2.  Megan不需要任何洋娃娃。

  Megan doesn't need any dolls 

疑問詞How much置於問句句首,後面接著不可數名詞。助動詞依照主詞作變化,第三人稱單數為does,其餘為do。助動詞之後的動詞皆為原形動詞,動詞字尾無需作變化。在否定答句中,不可數名詞可省略。

 可數名詞和不可數名詞都可和量詞搭配表達數量,常見的量詞如下:

量詞

名詞

two bottles(瓶)/ cups(馬克杯)/ glasses(玻璃杯)/ cans(罐)of

milk / water...

five pieces(塊;張;片)of

cake / pie...

two boxes(盒)of

cookies / candy...

one bowl(碗)of

noodles / rice...

five bags(袋)of

oranges / flour...

  (1) There are three bags of rice in my car.(我車上有三袋米。)

            (2)  I’m so thirsty. Can I have a cup of tea?(我好渴。我可以來杯茶嗎?)

 注意  不可數名詞也可和量詞搭配。而不論名詞本身為可數或不可數,當加了計量單位之後,它的單複數將由計量單位決定。

           (1) Ken: How much ice cream is there on the table?(桌上有多少冰淇淋?)

                Ben: There are two boxes (of ice cream).(有兩盒(冰淇淋)。)

    (2) Ken: There isn’t any drinking water at home.(家裡沒有任何飲用水。)
Bill: Don’t worry. There are two bottles (of water) in my car.    

       (別擔心。我車上有兩瓶(水)。)

 

  問句:

疑問詞+much

不可數名詞

助動詞

主詞

動詞?

How much

rice

do

you/we/they

have/need?

does

he/she

have/need?

 肯定答句:

主詞

動詞

基數+量詞s/es(+of+不可數名詞).

I/We/You/They

have/need

ten bowls (of rice).

He/She

has

needs

nine bowls (of rice).

 否定答句:

主詞

否定助動詞

動詞

形容詞

不可數名詞.

I/We/You/They

don't

have/need

any

(rice).

He/She

doesn't

have/need

any

(rice).

How much pork do you have?(你有多少豬肉?)

  I have a gram of pork.〔我有一公克的豬肉。〕

填空

1.  Bob: 你有多少鹽巴呢?  Amy: 我有一茶匙鹽巴。

Bob: How ___much____ salt do you__have______?   

    Amy: I have a teaspoon ____of_____ ____salt_____.

 2.  我們不需要奶茶。

     We don’t _____need_______  ____any______ milk tea.

 3. Avery: How ______much______ bread does she _____need_______?(她需要多少的麵包呢?)

     Candy: She ____needs________ ______two______ slices of ______bread______.(她需要兩片麵包。)

4.  他的車沒有油了。

     His car doesn’t have ____any_____ _____gas_______.

 5.Peter: 這道菜有多少肉? Evan: 這道菜有四片肉。

      Peter:  How much meat is there in this dish?

      Evan:  There are four pieces of meat in this dish.

  be動詞為主

這句型主要是詢問某地方有多少物品數量或在某大物品內,有多少小物品數量。疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數可數名詞,並以複數be動詞及there來連用。

問句:

疑問詞+many

可數名詞

be動詞there

地方副詞/某物品內?

How many

peaches

are there

in the kitchen?

in the bag?

 

肯定答句:

There+單數be動詞

不定冠詞(a/an)+可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There is

A peach

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

There+複數be動詞

基數+可數名詞/

基數+量詞s/es+of+可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There are

six peaches

three boxes of peaches

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

 

否定答句:

There

複數be動詞+not

形容詞

可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There

are not

(aren’t)

any

peaches

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

      How many students are there in the classroom ?(教室有幾位學生?)

  There is one student in the classroom.(教室有一位學生。)

  There are twelve students in the classroom..(教室有12位學生。)

  There aren’t any students in the classroom..(教室沒有學生。)

 

( A ) 1.There     some cake on the table.   (A) is (B) are    (C) have   (D) has

 

( C ) 2. Tina doesn’t feel(感覺)well. She only has     rice for dinner. (A) lots of  (B) few                                (C) a little (D) any

 

( A ) 3. Judy eats     vegetables(蔬菜)every day. She has a healthy diet(健康的飲食).
   (A) lots of                  (B) few                       (C) little                     (D) any

 

( D ) 4. Kevin lost(遺失)his money(錢). Now, he doesn’t have     money with him.   

 

(A) lots of               (B) few                       (C) a little                  (D) any

 

( B ) 5. Ann: I’m so hungry. Is there anything(任何東西)to eat?    Ben: Yes, there     some noodles at home.
   (A) is                          (B) are                        (C) have                     (D) has

 

( B ) 6. The town(城鎮)is very small. Only     people know it.     (A) lots of    (B) few   (C) a little                  (D) many

 

 1.     Kay: 桌上有幾隻湯匙呢? Max: 桌上有三隻湯匙。

         Kay:  How many spoons are there on the table?

         Max:   There  are three  spoons on the table.

 2.Kay: 牆上有幾張照片呢? Max: 牆上沒有任何一張照片。

         Kay:  How many photos are there on the wall?

         Max:  There isn't any photos on the wall.

 3.Ben: 教室有多少學生呢?   Hank:教室有23位學生。

 Ben: Howmany students are there in the classroom?

 Hank: There are twenty-three students in the classroom.

 4. Amy:箱子裡有多少顆蛋呢? Nini: 箱子裡有五顆蛋。

 Amy: How many eggs are there in the box?  Nini: There are five eggs in the box.

 這句型主要是詢問某地方有多少物品數量或在某大物品內,有多少小物品數量。疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數單位量詞+介系詞+不可數名詞,並以複數be動詞及there來連用。在否定答句中,any會放在複數單位量詞的前面。

問句:

疑問詞+many

量詞s/es+of+不可數名詞

be動詞+there

地方副詞/某物品內?

How many

bottles瓶)of juice

are there

on the table?

in the bag?

 

肯定答句:

There+單數be動詞

a/an+量詞+of+不可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There is

a bottle(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

There+複數be動詞

基數+量詞s/esof+不可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There are

two bottles(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

 

否定答句:

There

複數be動詞+not

形容詞

量詞s/esof+不可數名詞

地方副詞/
某物品內.

There

are not

(aren’t)

any

bottles(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

How many bags of rice are there on the desk?(桌上有幾袋米?)

There are two bags of rice on the desk.(桌上有兩袋米。)

 

1. Jenny: 你們需要幾碗飯? Kevin: 我們需要七碗飯。 

Jenny: How many bowls of rice do you need? Kevin:    We need seven bowls of rice. 

2.  Jerry: 他們有幾盤雞肉? Helen: 他們有二盤雞肉。 

Jerry: How many plates of chickens do they have? Helen:They have two plates of chicken. 

3.  Ella: 廚房有幾袋米? Carl: 廚房有一袋米。

    Ella:  How many bags of rice are there in the kitchen?

    Carl: There is a/one bag of rice in the kitchen.

4.  Bruce: 店裡有幾杯水? Debby: 店裡有二十杯水。

Bruce:  How many cups of water are there in the shop?

Debby:  There are twenty cups of water in the shop.

 

英文常見量詞  

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any  

 

find, keep, leave, catch 文法 

家族親戚的英文稱謂怎麼說 

帶有使役之意卻使用不定詞(to V原)的動詞 

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

複合形容詞 (2) 

現在簡單式─第三人稱單數 

How to use some & any 

take 用法總整理  

複合不定代名詞的用法

 倒裝句文法   

 come on 的用法   

  If 連接的句子到底要用現在式還是未來式  

  Because/so/because of 用法  

  Mr./Miss/Ms./Mrs.到底怎麼使用  

  常見節慶與相關活動的英文名稱  

  國中會考單字相似字辨別  

  購物英語對話(退換貨、借廁所)  

  購物英文對話  

  農曆過年英語如何說  

  關係先行詞是 one of + 複數名詞 who/which 複數動詞  

  well 的用法  

  英文祈使句的用法  

  現在進行式的用法    形容詞的用法  

  too to /so that /such that/enough to 文法  

  have 用法總整理    連接詞記憶口訣順口溜  

  國中會考英文聽力線上免費學習(練習) 

   從屬連接詞 when before after  

  不定代名詞 Both of /Two of 差別比較  

  主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字   

 Thanks for &感嘆句   

 英文文法 whose 當疑問詞誰的&所有格代名詞   

 Wh問句與BE動詞問句(1) What time how often how long how far how soon   

 交通工具搭乘表示文法   

 未來式 Will & be going to    

 To VR 不定詞&V-ing 動名詞文法(2018.10.12更新)   

 詢問如何前往某地文法 How did you get to school yesterday?   

 too~to &so that 文法講義   

 間接問句(whether&if)Yes or No 疑問句改間接問句講義   

 英文簡易常用介係詞    英文文法被動時態   

 附加問句文法   

 情態副詞用法(講義)   

 spend cost take 花錢花時間的用法(講義)   

 數量不定代名詞&代名詞與不定代名詞(講義)   

 時間介係詞 in at on    

 關係代名詞子句當主詞使用   

 過去分詞當形容詞   

 There is /There are 學習單    過去進行式   

 There is/ There are 有某物在....   

 very , much , very much , only 副詞的用法   

 詢問日期與星期   

 英文電話號碼&詢問年齡怎麼說    

 do make 用法的不同    

 不定代名詞one/another/the other 用法   

 英文年月日寫法   

 人稱代名詞、名詞單複數、所有格    英文時間表示法(幾點幾分英文)   

 四季春夏秋冬英文   

 neither...nor& either..or...&not only...but(also)...   

 星期英文星期一到星期日    

 關係代名詞當主詞、受詞、所有格講義   

 數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any    

 位修飾法講義形容詞片語修飾名詞   

 How would you like your steak? 牛排幾分熟?  

 英文口語詢問別人怎麼了   

比較級與最高級(2018.12.23更新)   

 英文動詞三態記憶口訣()   

 反身代名詞    

 英文常見量詞    

 英文問路與指路用法   

 天氣詢問法 What's the weather like? How's the weather? 

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