How many可用來詢問某人擁有或需要的可數物品「數量」有多少,助動詞則要與搭配的主詞一致;而在問句中的be動詞,一般是以複數be動詞呈現。

疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數可數名詞。助動詞依照主詞作變化,第三人稱單數為does,其餘為do。助動詞之後的動詞皆為原形動詞,動詞字尾無需作變化。

問句:

疑問詞+many

可數名詞

助動詞

主詞

動詞?

How many

apples

do

you/we/they

have/need?

does

he/she

have/need?

肯定答句:

主詞

動詞

基數(+可數名詞).
基數+量詞s/es(+of+可數名詞).

I/We/You/They

have/need

six (apples).

six boxes (of apples).

He/She

has
needs

five (apples).

three bags (of apples).

否定答句:

主詞

否定助動詞

動詞

形容詞

可數名詞.

I/We/You/They

don't

have/need

any

(apples).

He/She

doesn't

have/need

any

(apples).

How many flowers do you need?(你需要幾朵花?)

  I don’t need any.(我不需要任何花。)

How many dogs does she have?(她有多少隻狗?)

  She has two dogs.(她有兩隻狗。)

圈選出正確答案

1.  Angel: ( How many / How much ) bikes do you have?

     Andy: I don’t have ( any / some ) bikes.

2.  James: How many boxes ( do / does ) you need?

     Monica: I need two ( box / boxes ).

1.  Neil: Cindy有幾臺車呢? Zora: 她有四臺車。

     Neil: ________________________ cars ____________ Cindy have?

     Zora: She ________________________ cars.

2.  Megan不需要任何洋娃娃。

     Megan ____________ need ____________ dolls

 

 

疑問詞How much置於問句句首,後面接著不可數名詞。助動詞依照主詞作變化,第三人稱單數為does,其餘為do。助動詞之後的動詞皆為原形動詞,動詞字尾無需作變化。在否定答句中,不可數名詞可省略。

 

問句:

 

疑問詞+much

不可數名詞

助動詞

主詞

動詞?

How much

rice

do

you/we/they

have/need?

does

he/she

have/need?

 

肯定答句:

 

主詞

動詞

基數+量詞s/es(+of+不可數名詞).

I/We/You/They

have/need

ten bowls (of rice).

He/She

has

needs

nine bowls (of rice).

 

否定答句:

 

主詞

否定助動詞

動詞

形容詞

不可數名詞.

I/We/You/They

don't

have/need

any

(rice).

He/She

doesn't

have/need

any

(rice).

 

How much pork do you have?(你有多少豬肉?)

 

  I have a gram of pork.〔我有一公克的豬肉。〕

 

 

 

句子填空

 

1.  Bob: 你有多少鹽巴呢?  Amy: 我有一茶匙鹽巴。

 

    Bob: How ____________ salt do you ____________?

 

    Amy: I have a teaspoon ____________ ____________.

 

2.  我們不需要奶茶。

 

    We don’t ____________  ____________ milk tea.

 

句子填空

 

1. Avery: How ____________ bread does she ____________?(她需要多少的麵包呢?)

 

    Candy: She ____________ ____________ slices of ____________.(她需要兩片麵包。)

 

2.  他的車沒有油了。

 

    His car doesn’t have ____________ ____________.

 

be動詞為主

這句型主要是詢問某地方有多少物品數量或在某大物品內,有多少小物品數量。疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數可數名詞,並以複數be動詞及there來連用。

問句:

疑問詞+many

可數名詞

be動詞there

地方副詞/某物品內?

How many

peaches

are there

in the kitchen?

in the bag?

 

肯定答句:

There+單數be動詞

不定冠詞(a/an)+可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There is

A peach

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

There+複數be動詞

基數+可數名詞/

基數+量詞s/es+of+可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There are

six peaches

three boxes of peaches

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

 

否定答句:

There

複數be動詞+not

形容詞

可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There

are not

(aren’t)

any

peaches

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

      How many students are there in the classroom ?(教室有幾位學生?)

  There is one student in the classroom.(教室有一位學生。)

  There are twelve students in the classroom..(教室有12位學生。)

  There aren’t any students in the classroom..(教室沒有學生。)

這句型主要是詢問某地方有多少物品數量或在某大物品內,有多少小物品數量。疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數單位量詞+介系詞+不可數名詞,並以複數be動詞及there來連用。在否定答句中,any會放在複數單位量詞的前面。

問句:

疑問詞+many

量詞s/es+of+不可數名詞

be動詞+there

地方副詞/某物品內?

How many

bottles瓶)of juice

are there

on the table?

in the bag?

 

肯定答句:

There+單數be動詞

a/an+量詞+of+不可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There is

a bottle(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

There+複數be動詞

基數+量詞s/esof+不可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There are

two bottles(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

 

否定答句:

There

複數be動詞+not

形容詞

量詞s/esof+不可數名詞

地方副詞/
某物品內.

There

are not

(aren’t)

any

bottles(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

How many bags of rice are there on the desk?(桌上有幾袋米?)

There are two bags of rice on the desk.(桌上有兩袋米。)

 

英文常見量詞  

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any  

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