How many可用來詢問某人擁有或需要的可數物品「數量」有多少,助動詞則要與搭配的主詞一致;而在問句中的be動詞,一般是以複數be動詞呈現。

疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數可數名詞。助動詞依照主詞作變化,第三人稱單數為does,其餘為do。助動詞之後的動詞皆為原形動詞,動詞字尾無需動詞變化

 

肯定答句:

主詞

動詞

基數(+可數名詞).
基數+量詞s/es(+of+可數名詞).

I/We/You/They

have/need

six (apples).

six boxes (of apples).

He/She

has
needs

five (apples).

three bags (of apples).

否定答句:

主詞

否定助動詞

動詞

形容詞

可數名詞.

I/We/You/They

don't

have/need

any

(apples).

He/She

doesn't

have/need

any

(apples).

How many flowers do you need?(你需要幾朵花?) 

I don’t need any.(我不需要任何花。)

How many dogs does she have?(她有多少隻狗?)

She has two dogs.(她有兩隻狗。)

1.  Neil: Cindy有幾臺車呢? Zora: 她有四臺車。

     Neil: How many cars does Cindy have?        Zora: She has four cars.

2.  Megan不需要任何洋娃娃。

  Megan doesn't need any dolls 

疑問詞How much置於問句句首,後面接著不可數名詞。助動詞依照主詞作變化,第三人稱單數為does,其餘為do。助動詞之後的動詞皆為原形動詞,動詞字尾無需作變化。在否定答句中,不可數名詞可省略。

 可數名詞和不可數名詞都可和量詞搭配表達數量,常見的量詞如下:

量詞

名詞

two bottles(瓶)/ cups(馬克杯)/ glasses(玻璃杯)/ cans(罐)of

milk / water...

five pieces(塊;張;片)of

cake / pie...

two boxes(盒)of

cookies / candy...

one bowl(碗)of

noodles / rice...

five bags(袋)of

oranges / flour...

  (1) There are three bags of rice in my car.(我車上有三袋米。)

            (2)  I’m so thirsty. Can I have a cup of tea?(我好渴。我可以來杯茶嗎?)

 注意  不可數名詞也可和量詞搭配。而不論名詞本身為可數或不可數,當加了計量單位之後,它的單複數將由計量單位決定。

           (1) Ken: How much ice cream is there on the table?(桌上有多少冰淇淋?)

                Ben: There are two boxes (of ice cream).(有兩盒(冰淇淋)。)

    (2) Ken: There isn’t any drinking water at home.(家裡沒有任何飲用水。)
Bill: Don’t worry. There are two bottles (of water) in my car.    

       (別擔心。我車上有兩瓶(水)。)

 

  問句:

疑問詞+much

不可數名詞

助動詞

主詞

動詞?

How much

rice

do

you/we/they

have/need?

does

he/she

have/need?

 肯定答句:

主詞

動詞

基數+量詞s/es(+of+不可數名詞).

I/We/You/They

have/need

ten bowls (of rice).

He/She

has

needs

nine bowls (of rice).

 否定答句:

主詞

否定助動詞

動詞

形容詞

不可數名詞.

I/We/You/They

don't

have/need

any

(rice).

He/She

doesn't

have/need

any

(rice).

How much pork do you have?(你有多少豬肉?)

  I have a gram of pork.〔我有一公克的豬肉。〕

填空

1.  Bob: 你有多少鹽巴呢?  Amy: 我有一茶匙鹽巴。

Bob: How ___much____ salt do you__have______?   

    Amy: I have a teaspoon ____of_____ ____salt_____.

 2.  我們不需要奶茶。

     We don’t _____need_______  ____any______ milk tea.

 3. Avery: How ______much______ bread does she _____need_______?(她需要多少的麵包呢?)

     Candy: She ____needs________ ______two______ slices of ______bread______.(她需要兩片麵包。)

4.  他的車沒有油了。

     His car doesn’t have ____any_____ _____gas_______.

 5.Peter: 這道菜有多少肉? Evan: 這道菜有四片肉。

      Peter:  How much meat is there in this dish?

      Evan:  There are four pieces of meat in this dish.

  be動詞為主

這句型主要是詢問某地方有多少物品數量或在某大物品內,有多少小物品數量。疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數可數名詞,並以複數be動詞及there來連用。

問句:

疑問詞+many

可數名詞

be動詞there

地方副詞/某物品內?

How many

peaches

are there

in the kitchen?

in the bag?

 

肯定答句:

There+單數be動詞

不定冠詞(a/an)+可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There is

A peach

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

There+複數be動詞

基數+可數名詞/

基數+量詞s/es+of+可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There are

six peaches

three boxes of peaches

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

 

否定答句:

There

複數be動詞+not

形容詞

可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There

are not

(aren’t)

any

peaches

in the kitchen.

in the bag.

      How many students are there in the classroom ?(教室有幾位學生?)

  There is one student in the classroom.(教室有一位學生。)

  There are twelve students in the classroom..(教室有12位學生。)

  There aren’t any students in the classroom..(教室沒有學生。)

 

( A ) 1.There     some cake on the table.   (A) is (B) are    (C) have   (D) has

 

( C ) 2. Tina doesn’t feel(感覺)well. She only has     rice for dinner. (A) lots of  (B) few                                (C) a little (D) any

 

( A ) 3. Judy eats     vegetables(蔬菜)every day. She has a healthy diet(健康的飲食).
   (A) lots of                  (B) few                       (C) little                     (D) any

 

( D ) 4. Kevin lost(遺失)his money(錢). Now, he doesn’t have     money with him.   

 

(A) lots of               (B) few                       (C) a little                  (D) any

 

( B ) 5. Ann: I’m so hungry. Is there anything(任何東西)to eat?    Ben: Yes, there     some noodles at home.
   (A) is                          (B) are                        (C) have                     (D) has

 

( B ) 6. The town(城鎮)is very small. Only     people know it.     (A) lots of    (B) few   (C) a little                  (D) many

 

 1.     Kay: 桌上有幾隻湯匙呢? Max: 桌上有三隻湯匙。

         Kay:  How many spoons are there on the table?

         Max:   There  are three  spoons on the table.

 2.Kay: 牆上有幾張照片呢? Max: 牆上沒有任何一張照片。

         Kay:  How many photos are there on the wall?

         Max:  There isn't any photos on the wall.

 3.Ben: 教室有多少學生呢?   Hank:教室有23位學生。

 Ben: Howmany students are there in the classroom?

 Hank: There are twenty-three students in the classroom.

 4. Amy:箱子裡有多少顆蛋呢? Nini: 箱子裡有五顆蛋。

 Amy: How many eggs are there in the box?  Nini: There are five eggs in the box.

 這句型主要是詢問某地方有多少物品數量或在某大物品內,有多少小物品數量。疑問詞How many置於問句句首,後面接著複數單位量詞+介系詞+不可數名詞,並以複數be動詞及there來連用。在否定答句中,any會放在複數單位量詞的前面。

問句:

疑問詞+many

量詞s/es+of+不可數名詞

be動詞+there

地方副詞/某物品內?

How many

bottles瓶)of juice

are there

on the table?

in the bag?

 

肯定答句:

There+單數be動詞

a/an+量詞+of+不可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There is

a bottle(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

There+複數be動詞

基數+量詞s/esof+不可數名詞

地方副詞/某物品內.

There are

two bottles(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

 

否定答句:

There

複數be動詞+not

形容詞

量詞s/esof+不可數名詞

地方副詞/
某物品內.

There

are not

(aren’t)

any

bottles(瓶)of juice

on the table.

in the bag.

How many bags of rice are there on the desk?(桌上有幾袋米?)

There are two bags of rice on the desk.(桌上有兩袋米。)

 

1. Jenny: 你們需要幾碗飯? Kevin: 我們需要七碗飯。 

Jenny: How many bowls of rice do you need? Kevin:    We need seven bowls of rice. 

2.  Jerry: 他們有幾盤雞肉? Helen: 他們有二盤雞肉。 

Jerry: How many plates of chickens do they have? Helen:They have two plates of chicken. 

3.  Ella: 廚房有幾袋米? Carl: 廚房有一袋米。

    Ella:  How many bags of rice are there in the kitchen?

    Carl: There is a/one bag of rice in the kitchen.

4.  Bruce: 店裡有幾杯水? Debby: 店裡有二十杯水。

Bruce:  How many cups of water are there in the shop?

Debby:  There are twenty cups of water in the shop.

 

英文常見量詞  

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any  

110國中會考英文單題詳解 

可數與不可數名詞  

瞬間動詞  

助動詞總整理 part3  

助動詞總整理 part 2   

助動詞總整理 part 1  

Wh疑問詞用法總整理 

 

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