一、定義

「形容詞比較級」是用來比較人、事、物「兩者之間」程度的差異。

例:(1) William is taller than Samuel.(William身高比Samuel高。)

                   人   身高比較    人

          (2) The car is more expensive than the truck.(那輛汽車價格比那輛卡車貴。)

                  車            價格比較              車

二、形容詞比較級的形成

1. 規則變化

規則

原級

比較級

單音節

字尾直接加 -er

long(長的)

longer

字尾為不發音e,直接加 -r

nice(好的)

nicer

字尾為「短母音+單子音」,

重複字尾子音字母再加 -er

big(大的)

bigger

字尾為「子音+y」,去字尾 -y -ier

dry(乾的)

drier

雙音節

字尾為「子音+y」,去字尾 -y -ier

busy(忙碌的)

busier

直接在形容詞前加more

handsome(英俊的)

more handsome

多音節

三個音節以上,在形容詞前加more

beautiful(美麗的)

more beautiful

2.  不規則變化

     有些形容詞變成比較級時,會連原來的樣子都改變,稱為不規則變化,這些形容詞須熟記

     例:(1) good → better                    (2) bad → worse        

           (3) many / much → more         (4) little → less               

           (5) far farther / further         (6) old older / elder

3.有些雙音節形容詞,字尾直接加 -er,也可在字前加 more 來形成比較級

例:(1) quiet → quieter / more quiet        

     (2) polite → politer / more polite

(3) simple → simpler / more simple  

(4) common → commoner / more common

補充

1. elder 為英式英語,用在指家庭關係中表示長幼順序中「較長的」,且用在名詞之前。

old的比較級older為年齡上「較大的」,或事物「較舊的」

     例:【Jeff is Amy’s elder / older brother.JeffAmy的哥哥。)

           He’s two years older than Amy.(他的年紀比Amy大兩歲。)

          【╳】He’s two years elder than Amy. elder要放在名詞之前

2. fartherfurther在比較級中,若指的是實際距離上的「更遠」,兩者意思相同;但若要指程度上「更進一步的」,則用further

例:【My home is farther / further than the library.

(我家的距離比圖書館還遠。)

       For further information, please ask Jane.

(如想知道進一步的資訊,請問Jane。)

       【╳】For farther information, please ask Jane.

farther有「進一步的」的意思

3. late的比較級later意為「較遲的」,表示時間上較晚發生的。

 latter解釋為「較後面的」,表示在順序上較後面的。

例:(1) A-Rod became famous in 1990. Chien-Ming Wang was later than him.

   (A-Rod 在一九九○年成名。王建民比他晚。)

  (2) Between Rivera and Chien-Ming Wang, the latter one is younger.

   (在 Rivera 與王建民之間,後者比較年輕。)

  很少 few – fewer – fewest + 可數名詞

        little – less – least + 不可數名詞

        ˙寫出正確的比較級形式

 1. dirty→                      2. many     →          

 3. little→                       4. wet  →          

 5. dark→                       6. light →          

 7. true →                       8. quiet      →          

 9. new     →                10. good →          

11. handsome →            12. successful →          

13. exciting →                   14. rainy →          

三、結構

1. 基本句型:「A+be動詞或連綴動詞+形容詞比較級+than+B.」

    (1)A與B為用來相互比較的人、事或物。

           例:The bread smells better than the cake.(這個麵包聞起來比那個蛋糕還香。)

            → 比較兩種食物的味道,動詞smell為連綴動詞

˙整句式翻                                                                                              1. HarryWilliam   Harry is younger than William.              

2. BenEason高。  Ben is taller than Eason.                    

(2)「than+B」在句子意思很清楚、不需要比較對象時,可以省略。

      例:Yesterday was hot, but today is even hotter.(昨天很熱,但今天甚至更熱。)

          → 比較兩天的天氣,由於前一句已說明比較對象,故後一句省略than yesterday

 (3) 避免重複對稱的比較對象,可用that代替單數名詞或不可數名詞,用those代替複數名詞。

           例:1 The climate of Kaohsiung is hotter than that of Taipei.

               → 比較高雄和臺北的天氣,省略重複的名詞the climate,改用代名詞that。

                     (高雄的氣候比臺北的氣候還要熱。)

                 2 The bananas in this basket are sweeter than those on the table.

           → 比較籃子裡和桌子上的香蕉,省略重複的名詞the bananas,改用代名詞those。

                           (這個籃子裡的香蕉比桌子上的那些香蕉要甜。)

   (4) 若比較的對象為相同的人或物品時,可將句中重複出現的「所有格+名詞」以「所有格代名詞」       代替。

        例:Her ruler is longer than mine.(她的尺比我的尺長。)

       → 比較兩個人的尺,省略重複的名詞ruler,改用所有格代名詞mine(= my ruler)

    (5)「兩者之中」的比較:「A+be動詞+the+形容詞比較級+of the two(+複數名詞).」

       例:1 Nancy is the more beautiful of the two.(Nancy是兩者之中比較漂亮的。)

        2 David is the smarter of the two boys.(David是這兩個男孩之中比較聰明的。)

    (6) 形容詞比較級前,可以加上副詞much、a lot、a little、even來修飾,但不可用very直接修       飾形容詞比較級。

        例:【╳】He is very taller than his father. → very不可直接修飾比較級taller

              【○】He is much taller than his father. → much修飾taller

                       (他比他父親高多了。)

˙訂正句子的錯誤

1. Your apple is bigger than her.

 Your apple is bigger than hers.                                                                      

2. Justin is more healthier than his brother.

Justin is much / a lot healthier than his brother.                                               

3. Canada is more bigger than Taiwan.

 Canada is much / a lot bigger than Taiwan.                                                 

4. Her book is good than Emma.

 Her book is better than Emma’s.                                                                    

5. Yoga Lin’s songs are popularer than you.

Her book is better than Emma’s.                                                                     

2. Which+單數名詞is+形容詞比較級, A or B?

 例:Which is sweeter, the apple or the mango?(這蘋果和這芒果哪一個比較甜?)3. 原級比較:「Abe動詞或連綴動詞+as+形容詞原級+asB.」。

     例:(1) Terry is as handsome as Bob.TerryBob一樣帥。)

          (2) My cat looks as big as your dog.(我的貓看起來和你的狗一樣大。)

否定句

Jack is not as tall as Tom.

 Tom is taller than Jack. = Jack is shorter than Tom.

  Jack不像Tom那麼高。--TomJack高。

  I don’t have as many books as you.

   You have more books than I.

   = I have fewer books than you.

  This car isn’t as expensive as that one.

That car is more expensive than this one.

= This car is cheaper than that one.

Jack is not taller than Tom.  不完全等於 Jack is shorter than Tom.

  Jack並沒有比Tom高。-- 可能比Tom矮,也可能和Tom一樣高。

  I didn’t come earlier than you. We may come here at the same time.

  I don’t have more pens than you. Maybe I have as many pens as you.

4. 形容詞比較級+and+形容詞比較級」用來表示「越來越……」。

  例:The weather is getting colder and colder.(天氣越來越冷。)

5. the+比較級句子, the+比較級句子」用來表示「兩個事物的條件一起改變」。

 例:The smaller the bag is, the lower the price is.(袋子越小,價格就越低。)

˙依提示填入適當的形容詞

1.  Going camping is  more interesting  (interesting) than being a couch potato.

2.  This computer is  better  (good) than Henry’s.

3.  Sue is as  hard-working (hard-working) as Lee. They are both good students.

4.  Jay is as   young  (young) as Tiffany. They are both thirty-one years old.

5.  America looks a lot   bigger  (big) than Taiwan on the map.

6.  Taipei 101 is   taller   (tall) than the Empire State Building(帝國大廈).

7.The old man is as   healthy  (healthy) as a teenager because he practices
Tai-Chi(太極拳)every morning.

8. Hsinchu(新竹)is   windier  (windy) than any other city in Taiwan.

文法選擇

( A )  1. Tom is     than Jerry.

               (A) taller    (B) more tall       (C) tall      (D) very tall

( C )  2. China is     than Japan on the map.
(A) more    (B) more big    (C) much bigger     (D) much big

( B )  3. Jogging is     than playing baseball. But playing baseball is more interesting.
(A) easy     (B) easier      (C) much easy        (D) still easy

( A )  4. Natasha and Stephanie are twin sisters. Natasha is as     as Stephanie.
(A) old        (B) older          (C) much old        (D) more old

( B )  5. I am sick all the time, but my sister is never sick. She is     than I am.
(A) healthy    (B) healthier      (C) much healthy   (D) more healthy

( D )  6. Pope’s life is busier than    . He has to visit a lot of countries every year.
(A) my       (B) I        (C) me     (D) mine

( B )  7. The boy is     than other kids. He isn’t outgoing(外向的).

                (A) quiet   (B) quieter    (C) very quiet    (D) much quiet

( C )  8. Baseball fans are     this time than last time because the pitcher(投手)did something(某事)wrong again.
(A) sad         (B) more sad    (C) sadder         (D) very sad

( B )  9. The food smells     than yesterday. Please just throw it away.

                (A) bad         (B) worse     (C) very bad       (D) very worse

( A ) 10. Mariah Carey sings the song I’ll Be There beautifully. I can’t think of any other singer with a     voice.

             (A) better  (B) good (C) more

(  C   )11. Lucy looks     in pants than in a dress.

                  (A) beautiful     (B) as beautiful  (C) more beautiful    

                  (D) much beautiful

(  B  )12. Cathy was     than everyone else(其他人)when she won the game.

                     (A) very happier           (B) much happier        

                      (C) a lot happy            (D) much more happy

(  D  )13. The oranges in the bag are fresher than     in the basket.

              (A) it   (B) that   (C) them    (D) those

(  C  )14. Helen’s house is bigger than    .  (A) my (B) me  (C) mine  (D) I am

(  D  )15. The cat is     as a small tiger.

                (A) big         (B) bigger (C) more big       (D) as big

圈選正確的答案

1.  John is thirty years (  older  /  elder  ) than his son.

2.  This computer is (  bad  /  worse  ) than that one.

3.  The black jacket is expensive, but the white one is even (  expensive  /  more expensive  ).

4.  Vicky is as (  polite  /  more polite  ) as her sister.

5.  The pants are (  very  /  a little  ) shorter. We need to get another pair.

整句式翻譯

1.  Tim比Jack強壯。

Tim is stronger than Jack.                                                                                       

2.  Susan的頭髮比Mary的頭髮長。

Susan’s hair is longer than Mary’s.                                                                           

3.  Paul是這兩個學生之中比較重的那一個。

Paul is the heavier of the two students.                                                                

4.  這漢堡嚐起來比這比薩好吃得多。

The hamburger tastes much / a lot better than the pizza.                                           

5.  哪一個科目比較困難,數學或是自然科學?

 Which subject is more difficult, math or science?

資料來源:康軒文教

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比較級與最高級(2020.09.23更新) 

 free 單字用法 

not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 

英文教學遊戲 

英文筆記1 

英文單字闖關遊戲 複合形容詞 (2) 

find, keep, leave, catch 文法 

家族親戚的英文稱謂怎麼說 

帶有使役之意卻使用不定詞(to V原)的動詞 

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

複合形容詞 (2) 

英文時間地點哪個先寫 

How many How much 數量詞 

現在簡單式─第三人稱單數 

How to use some & any 

take 用法總整理 

複合不定代名詞的用法 

Here倒裝句文法 

come on 的用法 

If 連接的句子到底要用現在式還是未來式 

Because/so/because of 用法  

Mr./Miss/Ms./Mrs.到底怎麼使用 

used to VR /be used to V-ing / be used to  

關係先行詞是 one of + 複數名詞 who/which 複數動詞 

well 的用法 

英文祈使句的用法 

現在進行式的用法 

形容詞的用法 

too to /so that /such that/enough to 文法 

哪些動詞沒有被動語態 

wish不可能實現的願望與hope之差別 

have 用法總整理 

從屬連接詞 when before after  

感官動詞 look at /watch/see/ hear/ listen to/feel/notice/smell 

high/highly/hard/hardly/late/lately 差別 

不定代名詞 Both of /Two of 差別比較  

How to compliment on somebody's clothes? 如何用英文稱讚別人的衣著 

Own 的使用方式 of one's own /on one's own 

as...as和...一樣 動物比喻 

deal 相關片語 deal with/ No big deal 

last/latest/last one 用法 

Go+Ving 表從事某活動 文法 

die death dead 的相關用法與片語 

Go to church VS. Go to the church 有the沒the 大不同  

國中易搞混與難分辨動詞 

主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字 

work in /work for /work out /work at 

someday one day the order day some other day 用法 

else用法 

英文動詞三態記憶口訣(3) 

英文文法 whose 當疑問詞誰的&所有格代名詞 

to與of 翻成...的 使用方法 

動詞過去式過去分詞記憶口訣(2) 

英文動詞三態記憶口訣(一) 

英文課堂用語(2) Classroom English 

英文字尾er/or/ist 職業相關英文單字 

英文課堂用語(1) 

英文時間星期縮寫與上下午AM/PM用法 

英文單字marry(結婚)的用法 

英文天氣相關說法與口訣 

過去式 when 當連接詞 

Where 疑問副詞用法 

連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow 

反身代名詞  

過去完成式  

國中文法練習題 間接問句 too~to so~that 介係詞片語 

so neither too either 用法 附和句 

間接問句題目練習 

授與動詞(雙賓動詞)記憶口訣 

Wh問句與BE動詞問句(1) What time how often how long how far how soon 

交通工具搭乘表示文法 

12月份英文記憶口訣 

未來式 Will & be going to  

To VR 不定詞&V-ing 動名詞文法(2018.10.12更新) 

詢問如何前往某地文法 How did you get to school yesterday? 

過去式動詞變化型 

過去式文法句型 

過去式BE動詞was were  

英文單字聯想記憶術(國中1200字) 

雙字片語可分式片語與不可分式片語總整理(2017.3.15更新) 

被動語態(感官&使役&授與動詞)

關係代名詞子句當主詞使用 

過去分詞當形容詞 

比較級與最高級(2020.09.23更新) 

使役動詞make have let get help 

連綴動詞文法 

雙賓動詞(授與動詞)文法(2) 

間接問句講義&練習題 

英文文法被動時態 

附加問句文法 

情態副詞用法(講義) 

spend cost take 花錢花時間的用法(講義) 

最高級(教學教材) 

比較級教材(教學講義) 

數量不定代名詞&代名詞與不定代名詞(講義) 

時間介係詞 in at on  

頻率副詞 

間接問句題目練習 

英文被動語態文法 

現在完成式 

talk speak say tell 說的用法 

頻率副詞的用法 always usually often sometimes seldom never 

天氣詢問法 What's the weather like? How's the weather? 

英文問路與指路用法 

英文常見量詞  

There is/ There are 有某物在.... 

過去進行式 

very , much , very much , only 副詞的用法 

詢問日期與星期 

do 與make 用法的不同  

不定代名詞one/another/the other 用法 

英文文法附和句 

英文年月日寫法 

人稱代名詞、名詞單複數、所有格 

英文時間表示法(幾點幾分英文) 

四季春夏秋冬英文 

neither...nor& either..or...&not only...but(also)... 

星期英文星期一到星期日  

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any  

關係代名詞當主詞、受詞、所有格 講義 

後位修飾法 講義 形容詞片語修飾名詞

How would you like your steak? 牛排幾分熟? 

英文口語詢問別人怎麼了 

too~to &so that 文法講義 

間接問句(whether&if)Yes or No 疑問句改間接問句 講義 

英文簡易常用介係詞 

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