關係代名詞子句中有幾個比較特殊的句型如複合關係代名詞What=the thing(s) which

EX1.The words she said aren't true.  

原句應該看成 The words {which she said }aren't true. {}為關係子句當形容詞使用

                    先行詞      關係受詞

整句翻成她說的話不是真的

使用複合關係代名詞即讓句子成為   What she said isn't true.

                                    此時的what 既有先行詞+關係代名詞的功用,視為單數

EX2. I don't like the thing which he did for us. =I don't like what he did for us.

       (我不喜歡他為我們所做的事) 

比較間接問句

I don't know what he has done for us.(我不知道他為了我們做了什麼.)


關係副詞 when =on/in/at which       where=on/in/at which      

                       (介係詞)+關代                       (介係詞)+關代

When (使用於與時間相關的先行詞)    Where (使用於與地點相關的先行詞)

EX1.This is the place which I live 6).

    =This is the place in which I live.

(關係子句中,關係代名詞若為受詞,則該句子的介系詞可移至關係代名詞之前)

    =This is the place where i live. (in which =where 因先行詞為the place與地點相關)

練習: I like the park ________  my daughter likes to play in .

         (A) which (B) what (C)in which (D) where

Ans.: A

       I like the park ________ my daughter likes to play.

          (A) which (B) what (C)in that (D) where

 Ans.: D  

(A) 改成in which  (B)有先行詞the park不需要再使用複合關係代名詞

(C)關係代名詞that 前不可以有介係詞與,

 EX2. I don't remember the date which we met on last year.

    = I don't remember the date on which we met last year.

    = I don't remember the date when we met last year.

(先行詞為時間the date 因此關係副詞使用when)

 

分詞ving 表主動、現在進行
分詞p.p

表被動、過去完成

關係子句中的關係代名詞主詞與動詞 可以省略 (who/which/that +is/動詞) 可以省略

EX1. This is the book which is on the desk.

      =This is the book on the desk.(which is 可省略,此為後位修飾法為關代的省略)

後位修飾法 講義 形容詞片語修飾名詞 

EX2.  I know the girl who is standing under the tree.

     = I know the girl standing under the tree. (standing 當分詞片語修飾 the girl)

EX3. I like the dog which has  brown hair.

     = I like the dog having  brown hair.

     = I like the dog with brown hair.  (我喜歡棕色的狗)

I like the coffee ______ well .

(A) smells (B) smelling (C) smelled (D) to smell

Ans: B

原句: I like the coffee which smells well.(此時關代which為主詞不可省略)

which smells→ smelling

(關代主詞與動詞一起省略 動詞需判斷主被動 smell為連綴動詞無被動態,因此選擇smelling)

 This is the cellphone which is made in Japan.

→This is the cellphone made in Japan.

 I bought  the book _______ by Jimmy.

(A) written (B) writing (C) write (D) which write

Ans: A

原句: I bought the book which was written by Jimmy.

(被動為be+p.p.)

 can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法 

連接詞總整理  

英文文法時態總整理  

總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法  

 not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是……  

No matter what/how/which/who/where/when  

 抽象名詞片語  

 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法 

other than/besides/except/except for/aside from/apart from文法使用方式 

 當介係詞使用的to ,後加v-ing 

 雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR 

 與現在/過去事實相反的假設語氣 

 unless if not 用法 

 顏色相關的英語片語 

 英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級 

 assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法

 

 lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法 

 There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句

  ...也不為過英文句型 can't too

  not to mention/not much of a 使用方法

  nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法

  As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法

  表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型

  that 同位語

  英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句

  It 作虛主詞的常見句型

  A along with B 使用方式

  as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to 

 英文倍數比較級 

 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果 

 apply to apply for apply 使用法 

 A片語 

 複合形容詞 

 易搞混難分辨的動詞(1) 

 主詞動詞一致 note 

 接動名詞的動詞片語 notes 

 prefer to rather than 文法 

 rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes 

 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes 

 It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法

  英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes 

 英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes 

 數量詞筆記

  形容詞的順序與位置 notes 

 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.

  Be known for,as, to 的差別

  If 假設語氣文法

    阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(1) 人氣()