much +不可數名詞 (抽象、聞不到、摸不著、無固定形狀大小)
A lot of =lots of +可數不可數皆可
I have many friends. I have much juice. (許多)
I have a lot of friends. I have a lot of juice.
但國中單字中有幾個比較特殊的單字如: noodle(s) 麵無固定大小但可數
some 則是皆可數不可數名詞皆可 表一些、有些
some 用於肯定句 any 則用於否定與疑問句或條件句
I have some problems in learning English.
Do you have any questions?
Would you give me some eggs? Would you like to have some ice cream?
A number of =many (許多的~)
A number of the students are good at Chinese.
The number of Ns +單數動詞(~的數目)
The number of bears is getting smaller because they were killed by people who sell their body as medicine.
someone somebody something 與 anyone anybody anything
有些人 某事物 任何人 任何事
只是這類代名詞的形容詞放在後面 ex. I felt something wrong.(我覺得不對勁)
ex1. Would you like some tea? (詢問對方是有要喝茶，表邀請之意)
ex2. Would you lend me some money? (要求對方借錢)
a few +可數名詞 (一些)
a little +不可數名詞 (一些)
I have a few pens. I drink a little water.
few +可數名詞 (少許) 含否定意味 little +不可數名詞 (少許)
注意: few 比 a few 更少 意思為一點點幾乎沒有