國中一年級會遇到的簡易形容詞,而數量詞加可數或不可名詞常常很容易搞混

many +複數可數名詞(可以明確數出的人事物)

much +不可數名詞 (抽象、聞不到、摸不著、無固定形狀大小)

 

A lot of =lots of +可數不可數皆可

肯定、否定、疑問皆可

I have many friends.  I have much juice. (許多)

I have a lot of friends. I have a lot of juice.

 

但國中單字中有幾個比較特殊的單字如: noodle(s) 麵無固定大小但可數

some 則是皆可數不可數名詞皆可  表一些、有些

some 用於肯定句      any 則用於否定與疑問句或條件句

I have some problems in learning English.

Do you have any questions?

Some 用於疑問句時「請求、邀請」

Would you give me some eggs? Would you like to have some ice cream?

 


 

 

A number of =many (許多的~)

A number of the students are good at Chinese.

The number of Ns +單數動詞(~的數目)

The number of bears is getting smaller because they were killed by people who sell their body as medicine.

 

 someone somebody something 與 anyone anybody anything

有些人                          某事物               任何人           任何事

使用方式亦同

只是這類代名詞的形容詞放在後面 ex. I felt something wrong.(我覺得不對勁)

some 有時會使用在疑問句,但表示期望對方肯定回答

ex1. Would you like some tea? (詢問對方是有要喝茶,表邀請之意)

ex2. Would you lend me some money? (要求對方借錢)

 

a few +可數名詞 (一些)

a little +不可數名詞 (一些)

I have a few pens.     I drink a little water.

few +可數名詞 (少許)  含否定意味      little +不可數名詞 (少許)

注意: few 比 a few 更少  意思為一點點幾乎沒有

記:字多得比較多

 

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