It is/was + 被強調部分 +that 子句" 這種強調句型是用來加強語氣使用,目的是強調句中的某個部分。被強調的部分若是指人,則可用 who 或者 whom 來代替 that。這種句型中的 "it" 沒有實質意義,只是用來改變句子結構,使句子的某一成分獲得強調。所強調的部分可以主詞、受詞、副詞、補語等。在翻譯的時候,可在被強調部分之前加上 「就是,正是,是」等詞來表示強調。

強調句的部分不可能是句中的動詞。

 原句:Columbus discovered America in 1492.

 強調句:It was Columbus that discovered America in 1492.

 1492年發現美洲的是哥倫布。)強調就是Columbus發現美洲

 that前面強調的是人時,可用who

 It is you who are to blame. 強調you

 該受遣責的是你。)

 It is the artist that/who drew the picture.

 It is I who/that love you.

 It is we that/whom you love.

 It is in the park that I met Mary.

 It is the park where I met Mary.

 It is because he hated me that I left.

 

 練習題:

1.Where was__you picked up the walletJust near the school gate.

 (A) it (B) it that(C) the place(D) the place that

2. I must find out why__so many students made the same mistake.

 (A)is it that  (B)was it which (C) it is what (D) it was that

3. Is it in the factory__you visited last week____this kind of car is made

 (A)X ;that (B) where;when (C) where;that (D)X; when

4. It was because of bad weather______the football match had to be put off.

 (A)so(B) so that  (C) why (D)that

5.It was his remarks___left me wondering about his real purpose.

(A) which (B) what (C) where (D)that

6.Was it in 1969__the American astronaut succeeded__landing on the moon?

(A)when/on (B) that/on (C) when/in (D)that/in

7.It was not until 1920______regular radio broadcasts began.

(A) while (B) which  (C) that (D)since

8._____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

 (A)There (B) This (C) That (D) It

9._____was in 1979___I graduated from the university.

(A) Thatthat (B) Itthat (C) Thatwhen (D)Itwhen

10. It was for this reason___her uncle moved out of New York and settled down in a small village. 

 (A)which(B) why (C) that(D) how

11. It is the protection for the trees____really mattersrather than how many trees are planted.

 (A) what (B) that (C)X (D)which

12.__the people have become the master of their own country_______science can really serve the people.

 (A)It is only thenthat  (B) It was thatwhen

 (C) It is only whenthat(D) It was whenthen

13. It was___I met Mr. Green in Shanghai.

 (A)ten years since   (B) many years ago that

 (C) five years until   (D)Two months when

 

key

1.BDADD

6.DCDBC

11.BCB

偷東西thief robber burglar looter shoplifter mugger steal pickpocket 的差別

 ...也不為過 英文句型 can't too

 not to mention/not much of a 使用方法

 nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法

 As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法

 表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型

 that 同位語

 英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句

 It 作虛主詞的常見句型

 A along with B 使用方式

 英文倍數比較級

 A片語

 複合形容詞

 易搞混難分辨的動詞(1)

 主詞動詞一致 note

 接動名詞的動詞片語 notes

 prefer to rather than 文法

 rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

 準係代名詞 as but than文法 notes

 It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句 強調句文法

 英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes

 數量詞筆記

 Be known for,as, to 的差別

 If 假設語氣文法

 12月份英文記憶口訣

 To VR 不定詞&V-ing 動名詞文法

 比較級與最高級(2015.4.24更新)

 關係代名詞子句當主詞使用

 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.

 關係代名詞當主詞、受詞、所有格講義

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