(a) cannot help + V-ing 不得不～＝cannot (help) but + V (原形 )
We cannot help crying. 我們禁不住哭了出來。
(b) There is no + V-ing 不可能～ =It is impossible to + V (原形 )
= It's not likely to VR (難以、無法)
=It is out of the question to+ VR+ .. ..
There is no accounting for taste. （嗜好無法解釋—人各有所好。）
There is no knowing when he will come.
=It is impossible to know when he will come.
(c) It is no use + V-ing (~無用) = It is of no use to + V (原形
It is no use explaining the reason to him.向他解釋理由是沒有用的
(d) (be) worth + V-ing
The watch is worth buying. 那手錶值得買。
(e) (be) busy + V-ing 忙於～ =(be) busy + with + N
He is busy preparing for the dinner.他正忙著準備晚餐。
＝He is busy with the dinner.
(f) of one’s own + V-ing 自己～的＝ V-ed (p.p.) by oneself
She showed me the picture of her own painting.她讓我看她自己畫的圖。
(g) feel like + V-ing (想要) = would like to/want to + V(原形 )
I don’t fell like dancing after dinner. 我晚餐後不想跳舞。
(h) It goes without saying that …用不著說…
It goes without saying that+ S+ Vi+....
=It is needless to say that + S+ Vi+.....
=Needless to say, S+ V+....
It goes without saying that failure is the mother of success.
=It is needless to say that failure is the mother of success.
=Needless to say, failure is the mother of success.
It goes without saying that he will do his best.
It goes without saying that teachers know more than students.
(i) What (or How) about + V-ing/NP? …如何？
How (or What) about goingto the movies tonight?
(j) What do you say to + V-ing? …意下如何？
What do you say to going shopping with us ?
burst out + V-ing (=burst into + NP) 突然爆出笑聲、哭聲
The girl burst out crying/laughing as soon as she heard the news.
= The girl burst into tears/laughter as soon as she heard the news.
When it comes to + V-ing/NP…若談到/論及…, 就….
When it comes to studying English, Tom feels tired. .