very 為副詞時,修飾形容詞或副詞

He spoke very carefully.  (他說話非常小心 )  He is very handsome. (他非常帥氣)

much (very much ) 修飾動詞,比較級與最高級的形容詞及副詞

I like the pen so much.  我很喜歡那隻筆  (much 在肯定句中不得單獨使用,須加so 或very 來修飾much)

Did Cindy like the party much?  Cindy 很喜歡那場派對嗎?

Judy is much taller than Lily. Judy 比Lily 高很多

 

Very 只能修飾原級的形容詞與副詞

Your work is very good. (你的作品很好) →  Your work is much better than Cindy. (你的作品比Cindy好很多)

 

Only 和also 隨著位子變動,句意與語氣皆會改變

Only John did the homework  yesterday. (昨天只有John寫作業)

John only did the homewrok yesterday. (John昨天只有寫作業,其他都沒做)

John did the homework only yesterday. (John只有昨天寫作業,其他時間都沒寫)

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