although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of為連接詞,連接兩個完整子句(有主詞有動詞),表示「儘管、雖然」。引導的子句可置於主要子句之前或之後,中間用逗點隔開。

Although+ S + V, S + V

Though+ S + V, S + V

Even though S + V, S + V.

Even if S + V, S + V.


much as S + V, S + V.


口訣:雖然有(Although )O肉,但是(but) 把特不想吃 (O肉就沒有把特)

We are also slowly killing the planet, even though we might not be aware of it(我們也在慢慢殺害地球,雖然我們可能沒有意識到。)

 James never goes to school late , even though he has to spend two hours getting there every day.


Much as I am willing to go with you, I have plenty of homework to do now.(儘管我想跟你去,但是我現在有很多作業要做)

Despite + N/ V-ing , S + V

For all + N/ V-ing , S + V

With all + N/ V-ing , S + V

Notwithstanding + N/ V-ing , S + V

Despite the fact that + S + V, S + V

in spite of/regardless of + N/V-ing

in spite of/regardless of the fact that + S + V


表「雖然;儘管」,為介系詞,後面只能接名詞、動名詞或是加上 the fact that 後接子句,逗點之後再接主要子句。

Despite 後不接of /要使用of 需使用in spite ofregardless of

Despite the cold weather, Sam still went swimming in the lake.

= In spite of the cold weather, Sam still went swimming in the lake.


We found our way home despite losing our map.

= We found our way home in spite of losing our map.



C1. My brother acts like a child, _____he’s in his middle thirties.  (A) rather     (B) even  (C) even though   (D) however

D2._____ my great-grandmother is 92 years old, she has a good memory and can walk without a walking stick. (A) Because  (B) But  (C) So that    (D) Even though

 A  + 名詞                        名詞單數時,冠詞要去掉。  
形容詞  副詞          + as[though]  S + V , ...........  雖然...;儘管...  
分詞                       as, though都是「雖然」的意思。  

(1) 她雖是一名學生,卻賺入百萬元。


 Although she is a student, she earns million dollars.

 = Student as she is, she earns million dollars.     冠詞要去掉

 (2) 她雖然很美麗,但卻什麼也不會。

 Although she is beautiful, she is bad at everything.

= Beautiful though she is, she is bad at everything.

 (3) 即使他去試,他也不可能成功。

Although he may try, he can not succeed.

= Try as he may, he can not succeed.  甚至連動詞也可以移前


 (  ) 1.______ her disappointment at the results, Kelly seemed to remain calm.

                  (A) Although (B) However (C) In spite of (D) When it comes to


(  ) 2. Despite______ up late, we were able to get to the meeting on time.

                 (A) get (B) getting (C) to get (D) got

(  ) 3._____her doctor told her to rest, she still worked hard day and night.

              (A) Though (B) Regardless of (C) Except for (D) But for

(  ) 4. The boy went out without a jacket ______the cold weather.

             (A) along with (B) far from (C) in addition to (D) in spite of

(  ) 5. Despite _____ he was only ten, Jeff could run faster than any other kid in the school.  (A) × (B) of (C) that (D) the fact that

參考答案:C B A D D



( A )   1. _______ Annie knows fast food is not good for her health, she still eats it.          102-4

                     (A) Although            (B) Because              (C) If                         (D) When

( C )   2. Dad: Are you going out? It’s really late now.

Mitch: I know, but it’s the last day to buy tickets to the World Cup games, _______ I must go.







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