一、現在進行式的用法

1. 現在進行式是用來表達動作正在進行中的句型。

句型:主詞+be 動詞+V-ing….

規則

一般情況

→ 直接加 -ing

字尾 e 不發音

→ 去 e 加 -ing

單音節字,字尾為

「短母音+子音」

→ 重複字尾加 -ing

例字

learn

learning

drive

driving

stop

stopping

read

reading

ride

riding

cut

cutting

wait

waiting

dance

dancing

run

running

注意     如果單字字尾是「子音+y」,形成動名詞時,字尾並不去 y,而直接加 -ing,字尾是「母音+y」時,也是直接加 -ing。例:study → studying、cry → crying、 buy → buying、play → playing。

2. 現在進行式問句可以用疑問詞where、who、what ……等置於句首來問。

3. 現在進行式也有Yes / No 問句,形成的方式為將be 動詞置於句首,然後再接主詞與現在分詞。而其回答方式與第一到第三課之Yes / No 問句相似,只是詳答句的句型改為現在進行式。
句型:Be 動詞+主詞+V-ing…?

4. 現在進行式可於句尾加入時間副詞now,強調時間是現在。而在直述句中,now 也可以置於句首,其語氣比置於句尾更強烈。
例:Now Tom is running.

 

wh- 問句

答句

What is Dave doing?

He is reading a book.

What is Sandra doing now?

She is roller-skating now.

What are you doing?

I am training my dog.

We are building a house.

Where are Mike and Frank playing?

They are playing in the garden.

Who are they talking to?

They are talking to Mr. Lin.

 

Yes / No 疑問句

答句

Is Dave reading a book?

Yes, he is. He is reading a book.

Is Sandra swimming?

No, she isn’t. She’s roller-skating.

Are you training your dog now?

Yes, I am. I’m training my dog now.

Yes, we are. We’re training our dog now.

Are Mike and Frank playing in their room?

No, they are not. They’re playing in the garden.

Are they talking to Mr. Lin?

Yes, they are. They’re talking to Mr. Lin.

 

5.   do 在此當一般動詞,指「做」,不要與助動詞的用法混淆。
例:(1) He is doing the homework." do 當一般動詞, do-ing 表「正在做……」
        (2) Don’t open the door. " don’t 是助動詞,用於否定句

 

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