not so   與其說是……倒不如說是……


not so much A as B

more B than A

B rather than A

less A than B

 (1)not so adj/adv. .as adj./adv.

(2)not so much N as N

(3)not so much介詞短語/不定式短語as介詞短語/不定式短語

(4)not so much動詞as動詞


由於形容詞或副詞不能以much修飾,故不可用not so much+adj./adv.+as,而要用not so+adj./adv.+as的結構。

She is not so beautiful as charming.

= She is charming rather than beautiful.

=She is not beautiful so much as charming.

=She is more charming than beautiful.

=She is less beautiful than charming.



2. not so much N as N

He is not so much a teacher as a scholar.

= He is more a scholar than a teacher.

= He is a scholar rather than a teacher.

= He is less a teacher than a scholar.


3.not so much+介詞短語/不定式短語+as+介詞短語/不定式短語

例:Success lies not so much in luck as in hard work.

= Success lies in hard work rather than (in) luck.


Our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.


The great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.

= The great use of a school education is to teach you the art of learning rather than to teach you things.


4.not so much+動詞+as+動詞

I don't so much dislike him as feel sorry for him.


not so much as...甚至都不

= not even...


cannot so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不能

do not so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不

have not so much as +過去分詞 甚至……都沒有

例:He cannot so much as walk by himself.

= He cannot even walk by himself.


He did not so much as thank me.

= He did not even thank me.


He has not so much as written a single word yet.

= He has not even written a single word yet.


without so much as + v-ing

=without even + v-ing

例:He went away without so much as saying good-bye.

= He went away without even saying good-bye.


 can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法 



 總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法 

 No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 


  lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法

 other than/besides/except/except for/aside from/apart from文法使用方式

  當介係詞使用的to ,後加v-ing

  雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR


  unless if not 用法


  英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級

  assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法

  lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法

  There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句

  ...也不為過英文句型 can't too

  not to mention/not much of a 使用方法

  nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法

  As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法

  表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型

  that 同位語


  It 作虛主詞的常見句型

  A along with B 使用方式

  as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to


  in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果

  apply to apply for apply 使用法




  主詞動詞一致 note

  接動名詞的動詞片語 notes

  prefer to rather than 文法

  rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

  準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes

  It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法

  英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes

  英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes


 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.

  Be known for,as, to 的差別

  If 假設語氣文法

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