not so much...as...   與其說是……倒不如說是……

表“與其說是A倒不如說是B”,共有四種用法:

not so much A as B

more B than A

B rather than A

less A than B

 (1)not so adj/adv. .as adj./adv.

(2)not so much N as N

(3)not so much介詞短語/不定式短語as介詞短語/不定式短語

(4)not so much動詞as動詞

 

由於形容詞或副詞不能以much修飾,故不可用not so much+adj./adv.+as,而要用not so+adj./adv.+as的結構。

She is not so beautiful as charming.

= She is charming rather than beautiful.

=She is not beautiful so much as charming.

=She is more charming than beautiful.

=She is less beautiful than charming.

(與其說她漂亮,不如說她迷人。)

 

2. not so much N as N

He is not so much a teacher as a scholar.

= He is more a scholar than a teacher.

= He is a scholar rather than a teacher.

= He is less a teacher than a scholar.

(與其說他是個教師,不如說他是個學者。)

3.not so much+介詞短語/不定式短語+as+介詞短語/不定式短語

例:Success lies not so much in luck as in hard work.

= Success lies in hard work rather than (in) luck.

(與其說成功在於運氣不如說在於辛勤努力。)

Our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.

(我們的成功與其歸功於你的幫忙,不如說是我們的合作。)

The great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.

= The great use of a school education is to teach you the art of learning rather than to teach you things.

(學校教育的最大用處,與其說是教你東西,不如說是教你學習的方法。)

4.not so much+動詞+as+動詞

I don't so much dislike him as feel sorry for him.

與其說我不喜歡他,倒不如說我可憐他.

not so much as...甚至都不

= not even...

本片語使用時,要置於助動詞之後,即

cannot so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不能

do not so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不

have not so much as +過去分詞 甚至……都沒有

例:He cannot so much as walk by himself.

= He cannot even walk by himself.

(他甚至連自己走路都不會。)

He did not so much as thank me.

= He did not even thank me.

(他甚至都沒謝我。)

He has not so much as written a single word yet.

= He has not even written a single word yet.

(他甚至連半個字都還沒寫。)

without so much as + v-ing

=without even + v-ing

例:He went away without so much as saying good-bye.

= He went away without even saying good-bye.

(他走了,連“再見”都沒說。)

 

can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法 

 

連接詞總整理 

 

英文文法時態總整理 

 

總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法 

 

 not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 

 

No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 

 

 抽象名詞片語 

 

 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法

 

other than/besides/except/except for/aside from/apart from文法使用方式

 

 當介係詞使用的to ,後加v-ing

 

 雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR

 

 與現在/過去事實相反的假設語氣

 

 unless if not 用法

 

 顏色相關的英語片語

 

 英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級

 

 assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法

 

 lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法

 

 There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句

 

 ...也不為過英文句型 can't too

 

 not to mention/not much of a 使用方法

 

 nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法

 

 As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法

 

 表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型

 

 that 同位語

 

 英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句

 

 It 作虛主詞的常見句型

 

 A along with B 使用方式

 

 as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to

 

 英文倍數比較級

 

 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果

 

 apply to apply for apply 使用法

 

 A片語

 

 複合形容詞

 

 易搞混難分辨的動詞(1)

 

 主詞動詞一致 note

 

 接動名詞的動詞片語 notes

 

 prefer to rather than 文法

 

 rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

 

 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes

 

 It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法

 

 英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes

 

 英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes

 

 數量詞筆記

 

 形容詞的順序與位置 notes

 

 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.

 

 Be known for,as, to 的差別

 

 If 假設語氣文法

 

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