not so   與其說是……倒不如說是……


not so much A as B

more B than A

B rather than A

less A than B

 (1)not so adj/adv. .as adj./adv.

(2)not so much N as N

(3)not so much介詞短語/不定式短語as介詞短語/不定式短語

(4)not so much動詞as動詞


由於形容詞或副詞不能以much修飾,故不可用not so much+adj./adv.+as,而要用not so+adj./adv.+as的結構。

She is not so beautiful as charming.

= She is charming rather than beautiful.

=She is not beautiful so much as charming.

=She is more charming than beautiful.

=She is less beautiful than charming.



2. not so much N as N

He is not so much a teacher as a scholar.

= He is more a scholar than a teacher.

= He is a scholar rather than a teacher.

= He is less a teacher than a scholar.


3.not so much+介詞短語/不定式短語+as+介詞短語/不定式短語

例:Success lies not so much in luck as in hard work.

= Success lies in hard work rather than (in) luck.


Our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.


The great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.

= The great use of a school education is to teach you the art of learning rather than to teach you things.


4.not so much+動詞+as+動詞

I don't so much dislike him as feel sorry for him.


not so much as...甚至都不

= not even...


cannot so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不能

do not so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不

have not so much as +過去分詞 甚至……都沒有

例:He cannot so much as walk by himself.

= He cannot even walk by himself.


He did not so much as thank me.

= He did not even thank me.


He has not so much as written a single word yet.

= He has not even written a single word yet.


without so much as + v-ing

=without even + v-ing

例:He went away without so much as saying good-bye.

= He went away without even saying good-bye.



can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法 






總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法 


 not so 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 


No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 




 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法


other than/besides/except/except for/aside from/apart from文法使用方式


 當介係詞使用的to ,後加v-ing


 雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR




 unless if not 用法




 英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級


 assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法


 lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法


 There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句


 ...也不為過英文句型 can't too


 not to mention/not much of a 使用方法


 nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法


 As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法


 表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型


 that 同位語




 It 作虛主詞的常見句型


 A along with B 使用方式


 as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to




 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果


 apply to apply for apply 使用法








 主詞動詞一致 note


 接動名詞的動詞片語 notes


 prefer to rather than 文法


 rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes


 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes


 It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法


 英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes


 英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes




 形容詞的順序與位置 notes


 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.


 Be known for,as, to 的差別


 If 假設語氣文法


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