not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是……
not so much A as B
more B than A
B rather than A
less A than B
（1）not so adj/adv. .as adj./adv.
（2）not so much N as N
（3）not so much介詞短語/不定式短語as介詞短語/不定式短語
（4）not so much動詞as動詞
由於形容詞或副詞不能以much修飾，故不可用not so much+adj./adv.+as,而要用not so+adj./adv.+as的結構。
She is not so beautiful as charming.
= She is charming rather than beautiful.
=She is not beautiful so much as charming.
=She is more charming than beautiful.
=She is less beautiful than charming.
2. not so much N as N
He is not so much a teacher as a scholar.
= He is more a scholar than a teacher.
= He is a scholar rather than a teacher.
= He is less a teacher than a scholar.
3.not so much+介詞短語/不定式短語+as+介詞短語/不定式短語
例：Success lies not so much in luck as in hard work.
= Success lies in hard work rather than (in) luck.
Our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.
The great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.
= The great use of a school education is to teach you the art of learning rather than to teach you things.
4.not so much+動詞+as+動詞
I don't so much dislike him as feel sorry for him.
not so much as...甚至都不
＝ not even...
cannot so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不能
do not so much as +原形動詞 甚至……都不
have not so much as +過去分詞 甚至……都沒有
例：He cannot so much as walk by himself.
= He cannot even walk by himself.
He did not so much as thank me.
= He did not even thank me.
He has not so much as written a single word yet.
= He has not even written a single word yet.
without so much as + v-ing
=without even + v-ing
例：He went away without so much as saying good-bye.
= He went away without even saying good-bye.