S + (find, keep, leave, catch) + O + adj / v-ing / pp.

句型:受詞補語為形容詞,表示「狀態或處於……情況下」。

S + find/keep/leave + O + Adj

The hard work kept Judy busy all day long.(艱難的工作使Judy一整天處於忙碌的狀態)

The careless woman left the door unlocked. (那粗心大意的母親使門呈現無鎖的狀態)門沒鎖

When she went home, she found her house empty.(當她回家時,她發現房子空無一物)

 

 

句型:受詞補語為現在分詞,表示「動作正在進行或為主動」。

S + find/keep/leave + O + V-ing

Judy found a stranger lying on the bed.(Judy發現一名陌生人躺在床上)

The first step to train the dog is to keep the dog waiting for food.

(訓練狗狗的第一步便是讓狗狗能等待食物)

After hearing the bad news, Judy leaves herself crying all night.(在聽到那壞消息之後,Judy整晚都在哭泣。)

 

句型:受詞補語為過去分詞,表示「被動」。

S + find/keep/leave + O + P.P.

The wind is too strong. Please keep the door closed.(風太大了,請隨手關門)

I leave the windows _____. (A) open (B) opener(C) opened (D) opening 

 

(A) open 除了當動詞「打開」,也可當形容詞「開著的」。

(B)opener 是「開瓶器、開罐器」。

(C)opened 是 open 的過去分詞,也可當形容詞,意思是「被打開的」。

(D) opening 當形容詞時是「開始的、開場的」的意思。

 

句型:受詞補語為介系詞片語,通常表示「時間、地方」。

S + find/keep/leave + O + 介系詞片語

Judy kept the money in the cabinet. (Judy把錢放在櫃子裡。)

 

Find的其他用法

 

1.找到、發現之意,當雙賓動詞(授予動詞)

 S +find++=S +find++for+

 I find Judy the key. = I find the key for Judy.

 We found him a good job. = We found a good job for him.我們為他找了份好工作

 

 2. 表示“發現”時,可接名詞或that子句

 S +find + N.= S+ find that S+V.

 We found Mike a good student.

 =We found that Mike was a good student.我們發現Mike是位好學生

 

 3. find + oneself + Ving/p.p./adjective發現自己在做.../被.../處於...

 表示(突然)發現自己處於某種狀態或來到某地方。或“不知不覺或突然…

 He woke up and found himself in hospital. 他醒來時發現自己在醫院裡。

 It was awful to find oneself alone in such a place.發現自己獨自一人在這樣的地方是可怕的。

 表示發現自己的真實能力、性格、願望等。如:

 Tom tried several jobs but finally he found himself as a singer. Tom試了幾種工作,但最後發現自己還是適合於當歌手。

  

 

Leave 的其他用法

 leave當動詞時是「離開,遺留,留下」的意思。其三態為:過去式:left 過去分詞:left 現在分詞:leaving

 leave 當名詞時,意思為「休假」。,

 The bus leaves in two minutes.

 這輛公車兩分鐘後開車。

 2.leave 留下 (動詞)

 leave當成動詞用的時候,還有一個中文意思是指「留下」的意思。

 He left his keys on the table. 他將鑰匙遺留在桌上。

 Can I leave a message for Jenny? 我可以給珍妮留個口信嗎?

 3.leave from + 地 (ph.) 離開... = depart from

 leave for + 地 (ph.) 前往... = get to

 Dave leaves from Japan. = Dave departs from Japan. Dave 離開日本。

 Dad left for Japan three days ago. =Dad got to Japan three days ago. 父親三天前前往日本。

 take (a) day off 請假

 May I take ten days off? 我可以休十天假嗎?

 annual (paid) leave 年假、特休 

sick leave病假 

I’d like to ask for a sick leave today. 我今天想請病假

 injury leave傷假

 personal leave事假

 Mandy was on leave for two days for personal reasons.

 = Mandy was on personal leave for two days.

 official leave / occupational leave 公假

 Cindy has official leave for three days.

 menstruation leave / menstrual leave / period leave 生理假

 marital leave / marriage leave 婚假

 maternity leave 產假 (女方)

 paternity leave 陪產假 (男方) 

parental leave育嬰假

 bereavement leave / funeral leave喪假

 unpaid leave 無薪假

 請假的動詞have (有) 、on (在..) 、take (拿走)、request for (要求)、ask for (要求)、apply for (申請),再加上假別即可。

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

感官動詞 look at /watch/see/ hear/ listen to/feel/notice/smell  

授與動詞(雙賓動詞)記憶口訣 

雙賓動詞(授與動詞)文法(2) 

連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow 

 

There is/ There are 有某物.... 

 

have 用法總整 

 

頻率副詞的用 always usually often sometimes seldom never 

 

英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構 

 

It is/was 被強調部+ that  強調句文

 

 As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~ 

 

as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to  

 

如何使用英文詢問歲數與回 

 

英文電話用 

 

超實用的英文備課素材網 

 

not to mention/not much of a 使用方 

 

大學學測指考英文片10 

 

英語簡易字根字首字尾

 

differ in differ from differ with 

 

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