(一)   直接問句 VS. 間接問句

    直接問句:該句話即為一個問句,又可分為「Wh-問句」和「Yes-no問句」

 

  1. a.      Wh-:     1. What time is it?               2. Who is the tall girl?
  2. b.      Yes-no問句: 1. Is Kevin a student?          2. Do you like English?

疑問詞

使用時機

疑問詞

使用時機

What

 詢問事物、姓名

Where

詢問地點、場所

Who

詢問人物、關係

Why

詢問理由、原因

When

詢問時間

How

詢問狀況、方式

 

句型:Who + 一般動詞/beV  . . . ?                  注意: Who What 當主詞時,視為第三人稱單數。

問句:Who lives in Taipei city?                      問句: What  is in the box?

答句:Joe and Alan live in Taipei city  .         答句: A book is in the box?

1. 誰放那隻狗出來?_______________________________________________________

2. 什麼在箱子裡面?_______________________________________________________

3.誰餵那隻貓_______________________________________________________

Who 當受詞補語 (句中有明確的主詞)

1.你用什麼工具修理那台腳踏車?______________________________________________

2.他喜歡誰?_______________________________________________________________

 

間接問句:將直接問句併入另一個句子中,此時間接問句屬於名詞子句性質,當作主要子句中動詞的受詞,間接問句句尾的標點符號,視主要子句而定。

   :1. Do you know  what time it is ?          

         (主要子句)     (從屬子句,當know的受詞)      

         ※ 主要子句Do you know是個問句,所以用問號

        2. I don’t remember  who the tall girl is .    

          (主要子句)         (從屬子句,當remember的受詞) 

         ※ 主要子句I don’t remember是個直述句,所以用句號

 (二) Wh-問句改成接問句的句型 (課本P.55)

疑問詞即為該疑問句的主詞時:形成間接問句時,字序不變

   Wh-疑問詞 + 動詞?                Who invented the kites?

à主要子句 + Wh-疑問詞 + 動詞?    

à  Do you know who invented the kites?

   Which is better? à Do you know ________________________________________

 Practice I:將下列直述句改成「直接問句」 

直述句

直接問句(一般問句)

1 You are in the classroom .

Where ________ ____________?

2 Peter goes to school in the morning .

When _______ Peter ______ to school?

3 She goes to work by MRT .

How _______ she ________ to school?

4 Amy is mopping the floor .

________ ________ Amy ________ ?

5 Tom played basketball in the park .

________ _______Peter _____ basketball?

Practice II:將上列五個疑問句前面加入「I don't know」,使其成為間接問句

主要句子 間接問句當作動詞的受詞子句

主要句子

間接問句當作動詞的受詞子句

1.

 

 

 

  I don't know

 

我不知道你在裡。

2.

 

我不知道彼時上學去

3.

 

我不知道怎麼上學的。

4.

 

我不知道艾美正在做什麼

5.

 

我不知道湯姆裡打球。

重點二:歸納:直接問句改成間接問句的祕訣

句型:S + V + 間接問句: wh + S + V(間接問句當作前面動詞的受詞)

1 間接問句疑問詞放前面,主詞動詞放在後

2 間接問句不必將Be動詞或助動詞do/does/did 放主詞前 (主詞be動詞互換)

3 間接問句若有其他有意義的助動詞則須保留且放在主詞之後(主詞助動詞互換)

4間接問句中含助動詞do, does, did,形成間接問句時,動詞需視主詞人稱單複數時態作變化。

4 間接問句當作前面動詞的受詞,所以標點符號以前面主要句子做決定。

5 Yes-No問句,當改成間接問句時則加上whether if(是否)

Practice I:訂正句子

1. I don't know who are you.I don't know _____________________________.

2. He wants to know where do they go? He wants to know _______________________.

3. She likes to know what can I do. She likes to know ___________________________.

Wh-疑問詞為首的名詞片語   (課本P.61)

Wh-名詞片語」是由「Wh-名詞子句」簡化而來:

省略子句中的主詞助動詞(will, can, could, should),加上to,與原形動詞形成不定詞片語

子句疑問詞 + 主詞 + 助動詞+ 原形動詞 

片語疑問詞 + to + 原形動詞

    :1. We don’t know where we can go.      2. Please tell us what we should do .

             à We don’t know where to go.              àPlease tell us what to do.

  同理,「Wh-名詞片語」要改寫成「Wh-名詞子句」,去掉to後,要加入適當的主詞情態助動詞

:1. Peter forgot how to cook beef noodles.             2. Tina tells me where to find the book.

     àPeter forgot how he could cook beef noodles.   à Tina tels me where I can find the book.1.The girl didn’t know what to do.

 à The girl didn’t know   ____________________________________________________.

       2. They can’t decide which one to choose.

à They can’t decide which one ________________________________________________.

 

注意

1. whatwhowhich疑問代名,直接當名詞片語動詞受詞,後面不需再加受詞

2. howwherewhen疑問,當片語中的動詞是不及物時,受詞,當動詞是及物時,受詞

3. why不用在此名詞片語

  1. John couldn’t find his shoes. He didn’t know what to do.  (what直接當do的受詞)

          2. My bike is broken. I don’t know how to fix it.  (fix及物動詞需接受詞)

          3. I am lost. I don’t know where to go. go不及物動詞不需接受詞

   :1. What does she want? à I want to know__________________­_______________      

   What have you done? à Could you tell me ___________________­­­­­­­______________

 

    補充1:間接問句中,主要子句和從屬子句的時態不一定相同,回答的時態要看回答的內容主要子句還是從屬子句來決定。

   :1. Q: Do you know when the accident happened?    

               A: Yes, I do.  à回答主要子句(現在式),故與主要子句時態一致。

           2. Q: Do you know when the accident happened?

               A: It happened at 5 o’clock in the afternoon.   à回答從屬子句(過去式),故與從屬子句時態一致。

   

綜合練習:

Part A:合併句子

1. Who will you invite to the party? / Please tell me.

 

2. Do you know? / How did they go to the department store?

 

3. I don't know. / What can I do?

 

4. Who closed the window? / Please tell me.

 

5. When did you come back from America? / Can you tell me?

 

6. The teacher tells us. / When should we hand in our homework?

 

Part B: 填空(填入適當的疑問詞)

1.   Do you know _________owns this car?

2.   I can’t wait to know __________ my grade is.

3.   I want to know _________the boy is talking to.

4.   Could you tell me _______________ you came here so early?

5.   Ivy has no idea ___________she is. She needs a map.

6.   Nina didn’t tell me ___________she will visit us, maybe next week.

7.   Mark looks different. Do you know __________ he comes from?

8.   We have no idea __________Jason pasted a piece of paper on his face yesterday.

Part C:選擇題

(         ) 1. He didn't say ____________

(A) what did he buy. (B) what he bought.

(C) what did he buy? (D) What did he buy?

(         ) 2. Do you know _______________________?

(A) who the girl standing there is  (B) who the girl is standing there

(C) who the girl there is standing  (D) who is the girl there standing

(          ) 3. Tell me ______________

(A) what time is it? (B) What time it is.

(C) what time it is. (D) what is the time.

(           ) 4. Tell me _______________________.

(A) you come from where (B) where do you come from

(C) where you come (D) where you come from

(           ) 5. Do you know ________________?

(A) who is the man in a white coat (B) what's wrong with him

(C) who the girl is singing there (D) how old is his mother

(            ) 6.Please tell me __________ do something for you.

(A) can I               (B) whether I can

(C) whether can I (D) if can I

(           ) 7. Do you remember ________________?

(A) when he come        (B) when did he come

(B) when he came       (D) when will he come

(           ) 8. Tell me __________________.

(A) who did he meet yesterday   (B) who did he not want to meet

(C) who he didn't want to meet   (D) who didn't he want to meet

(         ) 9. I don't know _________________.

(A) when will he come home  (B) what he is going to do

(C) who are you talking to      (D) why did he cry yesterday

(         ) 10. Frank wants to know ______________.

(A) what his girlfriend likes to eat  (B) what does his girlfriend like to eat

(C) how is his girlfriend                 (D) what his girlfriend happened

Part D:翻譯

1. 告訴我為什麼你今天會遲到。

 

2. 忘記了這本字

 

 free 單字用法 

not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 

英文教學遊戲 

英文筆記1 

英文單字闖關遊戲 複合形容詞 (2) 

find, keep, leave, catch 文法 

家族親戚的英文稱謂怎麼說 

帶有使役之意卻使用不定詞(to V原)的動詞 

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

複合形容詞 (2) 

英文時間地點哪個先寫 

How many How much 數量詞 

現在簡單式─第三人稱單數 

How to use some & any 

take 用法總整理 

複合不定代名詞的用法 

Here倒裝句文法 

come on 的用法 

If 連接的句子到底要用現在式還是未來式 

Because/so/because of 用法  

Mr./Miss/Ms./Mrs.到底怎麼使用 

used to VR /be used to V-ing / be used to  

關係先行詞是 one of + 複數名詞 who/which 複數動詞 

well 的用法 

英文祈使句的用法 

現在進行式的用法 

形容詞的用法 

too to /so that /such that/enough to 文法 

哪些動詞沒有被動語態 

wish不可能實現的願望與hope之差別 

have 用法總整理 

從屬連接詞 when before after  

感官動詞 look at /watch/see/ hear/ listen to/feel/notice/smell 

high/highly/hard/hardly/late/lately 差別 

不定代名詞 Both of /Two of 差別比較  

How to compliment on somebody's clothes? 如何用英文稱讚別人的衣著 

Own 的使用方式 of one's own /on one's own 

as...as和...一樣 動物比喻 

deal 相關片語 deal with/ No big deal 

last/latest/last one 用法 

Go+Ving 表從事某活動 文法 

die death dead 的相關用法與片語 

Go to church VS. Go to the church 有the沒the 大不同  

國中易搞混與難分辨動詞 

主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字 

work in /work for /work out /work at 

someday one day the order day some other day 用法 

else用法 

英文動詞三態記憶口訣(3) 

英文文法 whose 當疑問詞誰的&所有格代名詞 

to與of 翻成...的 使用方法 

動詞過去式過去分詞記憶口訣(2) 

英文動詞三態記憶口訣(一) 

英文課堂用語(2) Classroom English 

英文字尾er/or/ist 職業相關英文單字 

英文課堂用語(1) 

英文時間星期縮寫與上下午AM/PM用法 

英文單字marry(結婚)的用法 

英文天氣相關說法與口訣 

過去式 when 當連接詞 

Where 疑問副詞用法 

連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow 

反身代名詞  

過去完成式  

國中文法練習題 間接問句 too~to so~that 介係詞片語 

so neither too either 用法 附和句 

間接問句題目練習 

授與動詞(雙賓動詞)記憶口訣 

Wh問句與BE動詞問句(1) What time how often how long how far how soon 

交通工具搭乘表示文法 

12月份英文記憶口訣 

未來式 Will & be going to  

To VR 不定詞&V-ing 動名詞文法(2018.10.12更新) 

詢問如何前往某地文法 How did you get to school yesterday? 

過去式動詞變化型 

過去式文法句型 

過去式BE動詞was were  

英文單字聯想記憶術(國中1200字) 

雙字片語可分式片語與不可分式片語總整理(2017.3.15更新) 

被動語態(感官&使役&授與動詞)

關係代名詞子句當主詞使用 

過去分詞當形容詞 

比較級與最高級(2020.09.23更新) 

使役動詞make have let get help 

連綴動詞文法 

雙賓動詞(授與動詞)文法(2) 

間接問句講義&練習題 

英文文法被動時態 

附加問句文法 

情態副詞用法(講義) 

spend cost take 花錢花時間的用法(講義) 

最高級(教學教材) 

比較級教材(教學講義) 

數量不定代名詞&代名詞與不定代名詞(講義) 

時間介係詞 in at on  

頻率副詞 

間接問句題目練習 

英文被動語態文法 

現在完成式 

talk speak say tell 說的用法 

頻率副詞的用法 always usually often sometimes seldom never 

天氣詢問法 What's the weather like? How's the weather? 

英文問路與指路用法 

英文常見量詞  

There is/ There are 有某物在.... 

過去進行式 

very , much , very much , only 副詞的用法 

詢問日期與星期 

do 與make 用法的不同  

不定代名詞one/another/the other 用法 

英文文法附和句 

英文年月日寫法 

人稱代名詞、名詞單複數、所有格 

英文時間表示法(幾點幾分英文) 

四季春夏秋冬英文 

neither...nor& either..or...&not only...but(also)... 

星期英文星期一到星期日  

數量詞的用法many much a few a little some any  

關係代名詞當主詞、受詞、所有格 講義 

後位修飾法 講義 形容詞片語修飾名詞

How would you like your steak? 牛排幾分熟? 

英文口語詢問別人怎麼了 

too~to &so that 文法講義 

間接問句(whether&if)Yes or No 疑問句改間接問句 講義 

英文簡易常用介係詞 

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