(一)   直接問句 VS. 間接問句

    直接問句:該句話即為一個問句,又可分為「Wh-問句」和「Yes-no問句」

 

  1. a.      Wh-:     1. What time is it?               2. Who is the tall girl?
  2. b.      Yes-no問句: 1. Is Kevin a student?          2. Do you like English?

疑問詞

使用時機

疑問詞

使用時機

What

 詢問事物、姓名

Where

詢問地點、場所

Who

詢問人物、關係

Why

詢問理由、原因

When

詢問時間

How

詢問狀況、方式

 

句型:Who + 一般動詞/beV  . . . ?                  注意: Who What 當主詞時,視為第三人稱單數。

問句:Who lives in Taipei city?                      問句: What  is in the box?

答句:Joe and Alan live in Taipei city  .         答句: A book is in the box?

1. 誰放那隻狗出來?_______________________________________________________

2. 什麼在箱子裡面?_______________________________________________________

3.誰餵那隻貓_______________________________________________________

Who 當受詞補語 (句中有明確的主詞)

1.你用什麼工具修理那台腳踏車?______________________________________________

2.他喜歡誰?_______________________________________________________________

 

間接問句:將直接問句併入另一個句子中,此時間接問句屬於名詞子句性質,當作主要子句中動詞的受詞,間接問句句尾的標點符號,視主要子句而定。

   :1. Do you know  what time it is ?          

         (主要子句)     (從屬子句,當know的受詞)      

         ※ 主要子句Do you know是個問句,所以用問號

        2. I don’t remember  who the tall girl is .    

          (主要子句)         (從屬子句,當remember的受詞) 

         ※ 主要子句I don’t remember是個直述句,所以用句號

 (二) Wh-問句改成接問句的句型 (課本P.55)

疑問詞即為該疑問句的主詞時:形成間接問句時,字序不變

   Wh-疑問詞 + 動詞?                Who invented the kites?

à主要子句 + Wh-疑問詞 + 動詞?    

à  Do you know who invented the kites?

   Which is better? à Do you know ________________________________________

 Practice I:將下列直述句改成「直接問句」 

直述句

直接問句(一般問句)

1 You are in the classroom .

Where ________ ____________?

2 Peter goes to school in the morning .

When _______ Peter ______ to school?

3 She goes to work by MRT .

How _______ she ________ to school?

4 Amy is mopping the floor .

________ ________ Amy ________ ?

5 Tom played basketball in the park .

________ _______Peter _____ basketball?

Practice II:將上列五個疑問句前面加入「I don't know」,使其成為間接問句

主要句子 間接問句當作動詞的受詞子句

主要句子

間接問句當作動詞的受詞子句

1.

 

 

 

  I don't know

 

我不知道你在裡。

2.

 

我不知道彼時上學去

3.

 

我不知道怎麼上學的。

4.

 

我不知道艾美正在做什麼

5.

 

我不知道湯姆裡打球。

重點二:歸納:直接問句改成間接問句的祕訣

句型:S + V + 間接問句: wh + S + V(間接問句當作前面動詞的受詞)

1 間接問句疑問詞放前面,主詞動詞放在後

2 間接問句不必將Be動詞或助動詞do/does/did 放主詞前 (主詞be動詞互換)

3 間接問句若有其他有意義的助動詞則須保留且放在主詞之後(主詞助動詞互換)

4間接問句中含助動詞do, does, did,形成間接問句時,動詞需視主詞人稱單複數時態作變化。

4 間接問句當作前面動詞的受詞,所以標點符號以前面主要句子做決定。

5 Yes-No問句,當改成間接問句時則加上whether if(是否)

Practice I:訂正句子

1. I don't know who are you.I don't know _____________________________.

2. He wants to know where do they go? He wants to know _______________________.

3. She likes to know what can I do. She likes to know ___________________________.

Wh-疑問詞為首的名詞片語   (課本P.61)

Wh-名詞片語」是由「Wh-名詞子句」簡化而來:

省略子句中的主詞助動詞(will, can, could, should),加上to,與原形動詞形成不定詞片語

子句疑問詞 + 主詞 + 助動詞+ 原形動詞 

片語疑問詞 + to + 原形動詞

    :1. We don’t know where we can go.      2. Please tell us what we should do .

             à We don’t know where to go.              àPlease tell us what to do.

  同理,「Wh-名詞片語」要改寫成「Wh-名詞子句」,去掉to後,要加入適當的主詞情態助動詞

:1. Peter forgot how to cook beef noodles.             2. Tina tells me where to find the book.

     àPeter forgot how he could cook beef noodles.   à Tina tels me where I can find the book.1.The girl didn’t know what to do.

 à The girl didn’t know   ____________________________________________________.

       2. They can’t decide which one to choose.

à They can’t decide which one ________________________________________________.

 

注意

1. whatwhowhich疑問代名,直接當名詞片語動詞受詞,後面不需再加受詞

2. howwherewhen疑問,當片語中的動詞是不及物時,受詞,當動詞是及物時,受詞

3. why不用在此名詞片語

  1. John couldn’t find his shoes. He didn’t know what to do.  (what直接當do的受詞)

          2. My bike is broken. I don’t know how to fix it.  (fix及物動詞需接受詞)

          3. I am lost. I don’t know where to go. go不及物動詞不需接受詞

   :1. What does she want? à I want to know__________________­_______________      

   What have you done? à Could you tell me ___________________­­­­­­­______________

 

    補充1:間接問句中,主要子句和從屬子句的時態不一定相同,回答的時態要看回答的內容主要子句還是從屬子句來決定。

   :1. Q: Do you know when the accident happened?    

               A: Yes, I do.  à回答主要子句(現在式),故與主要子句時態一致。

           2. Q: Do you know when the accident happened?

               A: It happened at 5 o’clock in the afternoon.   à回答從屬子句(過去式),故與從屬子句時態一致。

   

綜合練習:

Part A:合併句子

1. Who will you invite to the party? / Please tell me.

 

2. Do you know? / How did they go to the department store?

 

3. I don't know. / What can I do?

 

4. Who closed the window? / Please tell me.

 

5. When did you come back from America? / Can you tell me?

 

6. The teacher tells us. / When should we hand in our homework?

 

Part B: 填空(填入適當的疑問詞)

1.   Do you know _________owns this car?

2.   I can’t wait to know __________ my grade is.

3.   I want to know _________the boy is talking to.

4.   Could you tell me _______________ you came here so early?

5.   Ivy has no idea ___________she is. She needs a map.

6.   Nina didn’t tell me ___________she will visit us, maybe next week.

7.   Mark looks different. Do you know __________ he comes from?

8.   We have no idea __________Jason pasted a piece of paper on his face yesterday.

Part C:選擇題

(         ) 1. He didn't say ____________

(A) what did he buy. (B) what he bought.

(C) what did he buy? (D) What did he buy?

(         ) 2. Do you know _______________________?

(A) who the girl standing there is  (B) who the girl is standing there

(C) who the girl there is standing  (D) who is the girl there standing

(          ) 3. Tell me ______________

(A) what time is it? (B) What time it is.

(C) what time it is. (D) what is the time.

(           ) 4. Tell me _______________________.

(A) you come from where (B) where do you come from

(C) where you come (D) where you come from

(           ) 5. Do you know ________________?

(A) who is the man in a white coat (B) what's wrong with him

(C) who the girl is singing there (D) how old is his mother

(            ) 6.Please tell me __________ do something for you.

(A) can I               (B) whether I can

(C) whether can I (D) if can I

(           ) 7. Do you remember ________________?

(A) when he come        (B) when did he come

(B) when he came       (D) when will he come

(           ) 8. Tell me __________________.

(A) who did he meet yesterday   (B) who did he not want to meet

(C) who he didn't want to meet   (D) who didn't he want to meet

(         ) 9. I don't know _________________.

(A) when will he come home  (B) what he is going to do

(C) who are you talking to      (D) why did he cry yesterday

(         ) 10. Frank wants to know ______________.

(A) what his girlfriend likes to eat  (B) what does his girlfriend like to eat

(C) how is his girlfriend                 (D) what his girlfriend happened

Part D:翻譯

1. 告訴我為什麼你今天會遲到。

 

2. 忘記了這本字

 

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