too...to 太而不能 

主詞

Be動詞

too

形容詞

for

to VR

The house in Taipei is too expensive to for us to buy.

(台北的房子太貴了以致於無法買。)

主詞

一般動詞

too

形容詞

for

to VR

Jason speaks English too quickly for Mary to understand.

(Jason講英語講太快了,以致於Mary無法理解。)

補充:若句中要加入其他對,則for 人  放在to V 

Practice I

1. Hank / sick / go to school

 Hank ____is____ _____too_____ sick _____to____ go to school.

2. they / hungry / fall asleep

 They ____are______  ______too_____ hungry _____to____  fall asleep.

3. the student / young / drive a car

 The student is too young to drive a car.

4. he / tired / run fast

 He is too tired to run fast.

5. My mom / angry / eat dinner

My moon is too angry to eat dinner.

(1)例句:致於無法。 英文:The tea is too hot for me to drink.

(2)例句:她致於趕不上公車了。(一般動詞以副詞修飾

 英文:She walked too slowly to catch on the bus.

Practice II

1. Lisa / speak fast / win the contest

 Lisa ____speak______  ___too____ fast to win the contest.

2. Peter / run slowly / win the game / last year

 Peter ran too slowly  to win the game last year.

※  So that  如此~以致於~

主詞+be動詞+ such 名詞 that 主詞 + 動詞

主詞

Be動詞

so

形容詞

that

子句

The house in Taipei is so expensive that we can’t buy it.

Jason speaks English so quickly that Mary can’t understand him.

too….to… 句型本來就有否定意思,因此不能再使用not

So…that… 本身非否定用語,因此若要表示「太~以至於不能that之後須使用否定句。

too…to…不定詞之後所接的受詞與主詞同一人、事、物時,受詞不可再出現。

so…that…句型中,that後所接為獨立子句,因此其後之句子不受前面主詞的影響,因此需把受詞寫出。

The tea is too hot to drink.

drink 後不需再接it(the tea)

The tea is so hot that I can’t drink it.

that之後主詞為I ,需寫出it語意才完整。

關係代名詞 that 當連接詞使用,連接句子 ( 即 " 主詞 + 動詞 " 結構 )。

例句:天氣如此地熱,我想吃冰淇淋。

It  is so hot today that I feel like having ice cream.

It  is such a hot day that I feel like having ice cream.

依提示改寫句子

1.  Tina was busy. She didn’t eat lunch. (too...to...)

Tina is too busy to eat lunch. 

2.  I am hungry. I can eat a horse. (so...that...)

I am so hungry that I can eat a horse.

3.  The book is boring. I don’t want to read the book. (too...to...)

The book is too boring to read the book.

4.  Betty was excited. She kissed everyone in the room. (so...that...)

Betty was so excited that she kissed everyone in the room.

填空(填入 too...to...so...that... such...that...

 1.  Cathy was ___too_____ angry ______to____ say a word.

2.  This is ____such_____a dirty room ____that_____ no one wants to get in.

3.  He looks ____so_______ pale ___that____we all think he’s sick.

4.  Jane was _____so_____ afraid ____that___ she shut herself in the room.

5.  The cap is____too____ small for me ___to___ wear.

6.  Candy is ______such___ a sweet girl ____that____ everybody likes her.

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