一…就…;立即…。

As soon as S + V, S + V

The moment S + V, S + V

The instant S + V, S + V

The minute S + V, S + V

Once  S + V , S + V    

Directly  S + V , S + V

Immediately  S + V , S + V

Instantly  S + V , S + V

At + n. , S + V             ß前後主詞相同時

on / upon + Ving , S + V     ß前後主詞相同時 

As soon as I left home this morning, the phone rang. (我一離開家,電話就響了。)

The moment I left home this morning, the phone rang.

The instant I left home this morning, the phone rang.

Once I left home this morning, the phone rang.

Directly I left home this morning, the phone rang.

1. as soon as 為連接詞,引導副詞子句,修飾主要子句

As soon as I saw her, I knew there was something wrong.

 (我一看到她,我就知道不對勁了。)

這句主要是要表示有什麼事情不對勁,as soon as引導的看到她只是用來修飾什麼時候覺得不對勁。

2.用在未來時態上,as soon as 引導的副詞子句是條件句,故應採現在式,主要子句採未來式

As soon as S + 現在式V, S + will + V

As soon as he gets home, he will take a shower. (他一回家就會洗澡)

3. On/Upon + V1-­ing, S + V2 . . . 僅可使用於前後的主詞相同之時

Upon arriving in Taipei, I will give you a call. (一抵達台北我就會打電話給你)

抵達台北與打電話者為同一人,才能使用該句型

比較:

As soon as my mom left, my little brother began to cry.

(我母親一離開,我弟弟開始哭)

On leaving, my little brother began to cry. (X) 此為錯誤用法

前後主詞為不同人,不可以使用該句型,會導致語意錯誤 (我弟弟一離開,我弟弟開始哭)

 

注意此句型只用在過去式中

S + had + no sooner + Ved/3 than + S + Ved/2   ß比較級sooner後面連接詞用than 

 

= S +  had

hardly

pp

when

S + V

     scarcely                     before

They had hardly got to school when they began to study.

They had no sooner got to school than they began to study.

The had scarcely got to school before they began to study.

Scarcely + had + S + Ved/1  when + S + Ved/2    ß倒裝句

Hardly + had + S + Ved/1 when + S + Ved/2

No sooner  + had + S + pp   than  S + V

將否定部分no sooner移至句首,形成倒裝句,因此,必須將助動詞didhad移至主詞之前,表示某事緊接著另一件事發生,譯作「一…,就…」。

注意No sooner had + S1 + V1-­en + than + S2 + V2-­ed前後句的時態不同。該句型的前半部表示先發生的事,即「一…」的部分,使用過去完成式had V-­en;後半部表示接著發生的事,即「就…」的部分,使用過去式V-­ed,例:

No sooner had they got to school than they began to study.

Hardly/Scarcely had they got to school when/before they began to study.

neither...nor& either..or...&not only...but(also)... 

從屬連接詞 when before after  

If 連接的句子到底要用現在式還是未來式 

Because/so/because of 用法  

As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when 一~就~文法 

although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 雖然...但是...文法句型 

連接詞總整理 

can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法 

連接詞總整理 

英文文法時態總整理 

總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法 

 not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是…… 

No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 

 抽象名詞片語 

 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法

other than/besides/except/except for/aside from/apart from文法使用方式

 當介係詞使用的to ,後加v-ing

 雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR

 與現在/過去事實相反的假設語氣

 unless if not 用法

 顏色相關的英語片語

 英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級

 assist/consist/resist/persist/insist/Persevere 用法

 lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法

 There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句

 ...也不為過英文句型 can't too

 not to mention/not much of a 使用方法

 nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法

 As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法

 表雖然although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 句型

 that 同位語

 英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句

 It 作虛主詞的常見句型

 A along with B 使用方式

 as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to

 英文倍數比較級

 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果

 apply to apply for apply 使用法

 A片語

 複合形容詞

 易搞混難分辨的動詞(1)

 主詞動詞一致 note

 接動名詞的動詞片語 notes

 prefer to rather than 文法

 rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes

 It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法

 英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes

 英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes

 數量詞筆記

 形容詞的順序與位置 notes

 複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p.

 Be known for,as, to 的差別

 If 假設語氣文法

12月份英文記憶口訣 

 

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