形容詞與副詞同形:earlyfasthardlatehighfar

例: It’s early morning.(現在是清晨。)‚ I arrived early.(我早到了。)

 

形容詞和副詞在字尾加 ly 後意義改變。如:

late(遲) lately(最近) near(附近) nearly(幾乎)

hard(辛苦) hardly(幾乎不) high(高) highly(極度;非常)

cold(冷) coldly(冷冷地) warm(暖和) warmly(熱情地)

hot(熱) hotly(憤怒地)express(表露, 陳述;表達;表露, 快速送出, 快遞郵寄, 快的, 快速的;快遞的;特快的, 清楚的, 明確的;明白表示的;特別指出的, 以快遞方式服務地, 快車, 快遞服務。) expressly(明確清楚)

This is a hard work.(這是個艱難的工作)

I work hard.(我辛勤工作。)

I can hardly work.(我幾乎不能工作。)

John was late for school.(約翰上學遲到了。)

John goes to school late.

I haven't heard from him lately.(最近我一直沒有他的消息。)

That is a very high mountain.(那是座很高的山。)

He was highly praised for his work.(他的工作頗受讚賞。)

He hotly denied the rumours.(他激烈的否認傳聞。)

He has diffidence in expressing his opinions .(他表達意見時缺乏自信。)

The act expressly provides for injunctive relief

(該法律明文規定了強制令救濟。)

 

容易混淆的副詞:

 

1.close closely 用作副詞意義上有差別。

Close 是指距離、場所、地點等的接近,靠近,可以說是一種實際意義上的接近Close to接近,幾乎,大概,差不多的意思。例如:

We live close to the church.我們住在教堂附近。

They sat close together.他們緊挨著坐在一起。

He came close to losing his temper.他差一點發脾氣了。

Closely 是指抽象意義上的接近,多用比喻意義,有親密地,嚴密地,仔細地等意思。例如:

The secret must be closely guarded.這個秘密要嚴加保守。

He is looking at the bill closely.他正仔細地看著帳單。

 

2. most(最) mostly(大都,大部分)

  Of all the books here, I like this one most.

  (在這些書中,我最喜歡這本。)

  These books are mostly out of date.

  (這些書大部分都過時了。)

3. near(近) nearly(幾乎, = almost

  He lives near, not far.(他住在附近,不在遠處。)

  He was nearly drowned.(他差點淹死。)

 

4. high / deep / wide 表實際空間可以丈量的高 / /

 

highly / deeply / widely 表程度而不指空間的高 / /

 

  〔正〕The plane flew high in the sky.(飛機高高在天上飛著。)

     We spoke highly of him. 我們褒揚他。)

     He jumped deep into the river. (他深深跳入水中。)

         He was deeply hurt. 他的感情深受傷害。

 5. direct(直形容詞) direct(直接副詞)

  directly(立刻副詞)

  They moved on in a direct line. (他們成一直線地移動著。)

  The goods will be sent direct to you. (貨物將直接送到你那裡去。)

  I will return directly (at once).(我立刻回來。)

 6. sharp(銳利形容詞) sharp(正副詞)

  sharply(嚴厲地副詞)

  I want a sharp knife.(我需要一把利刃。)

  It is ten o'clock sharp.= It is just ten o'clock. (十點正。)

  just 也可當「正」或「恰好」解釋,不過要放在時間以

  前,sharp 要放在時間之後。

  He sharply objected to my plan.(他嚴厲地反對我的計畫。)

 7. clean(乾淨形容詞) clean(完全副詞)

  cleanly(整潔副詞)

  This house is clean.(這間屋子很乾淨。)

 I clean forgot to ask him about it.(我完全忘了問他這件事。)

 He was cleanly dressed.(他衣著整潔。)

 8. short(近形容詞) short(突然副詞)

  shortly(馬上副詞)

  There is a short way home through the woods.

  (從樹林中走回家,有條近路。)

  The car stopped short (= suddenly) only a few feet from where the

  child stood.

  (車子突然煞車,離小孩子的地方只有幾呎。)

  He will come shortly (= in a short time).(他馬上會來。)

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