that ….not + V

否定字   +…        but …..+ V         沒有不…

(not,never,no)     without + O.

A. without的用法:

(1) N + without + N(沒有……的……):作形容詞片語,修飾前面的名詞。

• I like to drink coffee without sugar. (我喜歡喝不加糖的咖啡)

(2) S + V... + without + N/V-ing(沒有……就……):作副詞片語,修飾前面


• In spite of the cold weather, he went out without his overcoat.


• Some students go to school without having breakfast.


(3) Without + N, S + V-ed... → S + V-ed...without + N(若無/要是沒有,……):


• Without air, water, and sunlight, everything couldn’t live on earth.


B. 雙重否定的用法:

no/not/never...without + N/V-ing(每……必……/無……不……):雙重否定

是強調肯定句的美化句型。without + N表「狀態」;without + V-ing則強調「動


 I couldn’t live till today without my grandmother.


One can’t succeed without perseverance.(人無毅力不能成事。)

Tony never writes an English composition without making many mistakes.(東尼



(1) but為否定關係代名詞,故接肯定動詞;who為肯定關係代名詞,故接否定


• There is no mother but loves her children.

→ There is no mother who doesn’t love her children.

【who代替mother故搭配loves,又皆否定於是doesn’t love】

→ There is no mother doesn’t love her children. (×)【常犯錯誤】


• There is no one but has his weak side.

→ There is no one without his weak side.

→ There is no one hasn’t his weak side.(×)【常犯錯誤】


(2) but之後保留主詞為舊式寫法。

• It never rains but it pours.(複句)

→ It never rains without pouring.(單句)


• I never spend a day but I miss you.

→ I never spend a day without missing you.



There is no N. but V. 沒有不...的

• There is no pleasure without pain.

→ No pleasure without pain.(省略There is)(有樂必有苦。)

• There is no gain without pain.

→ No gain without pain.(省略There is)

→ No pain, no gain.(不勞則無穫。)

No sweet without sweat. (不經一番寒徹骨,焉得梅花撲鼻香。)

No smoke without fire. (無風不起浪。)


    阿莓莓KIKI 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()