I. can, could

(1)can的用法:

①表能力(ability):(=be able to, be capable of, know how to )

He can speak English but he can't write it very well.

(他能夠說英語,但是他無法書寫的好。)

 

We can play the piano. (我們會彈鋼琴。)

Tim can do a good job of fixing the broken lamp.

(Tim 能夠把壞掉的燈泡修好。)

②表許可(permission):(=be allowed to, be permitted to)

Can[May] I smoke in here ? (= Am I allowed to smoke in here? )

我可以在這裡抽菸嗎?

Can I stay here until my father comes?

(我可以待在這裡直到我父親來嗎?)

3表推想的可能(theoretical possibility)

The road can be blocked. (= It is possible to block the road.)

 

(2)could 的用法:

1can的過去式

I could never play the guitar. (我以前從不會談吉他)

I couldn’t write in English before. (我以前無法用英文寫字。)

②表客氣的請求

Could I stand here? 我可以站在這裡嗎? ( could 比 can或may 更有禮貌。)

3" could have +p.p."表對「過去能做而未做的事」感到惋惜、遺憾。

I could have passed, but I did not study.

(我可以通過考試的,但是我沒有讀書。)→我如果有讀書我會通過考試。(與過去事實相反)

I could have become a millionaire if I had won the lottery. (如果我有贏得樂透,我就會成為百萬富翁。)→過去沒有中樂透,所以也沒有成為百萬富翁。

2. may, might

(1) may的用法:

①表許可(permission):(=be allowed to)

You may hang out with your friend at the park. (你可以和你朋友去公園玩。)

You may go out for dinner with Jim. (你可以和Jim一起去吃晚餐。)

②表可能(possibility)

The road may be blocked. ( = It is possible that the road is blocked.)

3may have +p.p."表對過去的推測

He may have seen me last night.他或許昨晚有看到我。

May I help you? 需要我為你服務嗎?→用於服務生。

 

(2)might的用法:

1may的過去式

The weather forecast says it is going to clear up soon.

氣象報導天氣即將轉晴。

②表許可(permission)

Might I smoke in here ?

3表可能(possibility),但may比might的可能性大一點。

We might go to Japan this summer. 我們可能今年暑假會去日本。

What you say might be true. 你說的可能是事實。

助動詞總整理 part 2  

助動詞總整理 part3 

「動詞+sb+of sth」英文句型 accuse of  

All you can do is VR 你能做的只有...文法句型 

表述心得想法意見英文怎麼說 

a number of /a amount of/ plenty of 數量詞用法(3) 

suggest 建議require 要求order命令 that + S + (should) + VR 

instead of vs. instead 而不是 vs. 反而 

fillstuff 的使用差異 

be (adv.) likely to + V 可能……

 By the time 用法 

none of not of all of 全部否定部分否定用法 

had been + V-ing  過去完成進行式 

AB組成英文文法 

英語表達連接、轉折、舉例、總結的用語 

瞬間動詞

助動詞總整理 part3 

助動詞總整理 part 2 

與現在/過去事實相反的假設語氣 

unless if not 用法 

英文越來越比較級與雙重比較句the 比較級,the 比較級 

lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法 

There is no denying that or what how when 名詞子句 

...也不為過英文句型 

not to mention/not much of a 使用方法 

 nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法 

As soon as /Once/ On+ v-ing/ Hardly when ~~文法 

although /Much as/ Despite /In spite of 雖然...但是...文法句型 

助動詞總整理 part 1 

比較less than, not less than, no less than, no less… than, not than..用法之不同 

It is no good/ use Ving 沒有用 

倒裝句文法總整理

 抽象名詞片語

 No matter what/how/which/who/where/when 

find, keep, leave, catch 文法

 not so much...as... 與其說是……倒不如說是……

 總之,簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法

 can't but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法

 連接詞總整理 

英文文法時態總整理 

帶有使役之意卻使用不定詞(to V)的動詞 

連綴動詞 seem appear keep stay remain 

複合形容詞 (2) 

複合不定代名詞的用法 

Here倒裝句文法 

used to VR /be used to V-ing / be used to

 關係先行詞是 one of + 複數名詞 who/which 複數動詞

 lead to / result in / bring about / cause /give rise to/ contribute to/ conduce to 用法 

除了~之外文法except besides including excluded 

雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR

 that 同位語 

英文文法分詞構句與獨立分詞構句 

主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字 

It 作虛主詞的常見句型 

英文文法 whose 當疑問詞誰的&所有格代名詞 

A along with B 使用方式

 連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow

 as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to

 英文倍數比較級

 in the wake of ……而至;由於……的結果

 國中高一英文閱讀測驗

 apply to apply for apply 使用法 

so neither too either 用法附和句 

A片語   複合形容詞 

易搞混難分辨的動詞(1)   主詞動詞一致 note 

接動名詞的動詞片語 notes 

prefer to rather than...而不是文法 

rise arise raise arouse 使用方式 notes

 準關係代名詞 as but than文法 notes 

It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句強調句文法 

英文worth worthy worthwhile用法 notes

 英文分數表示法英文倍數 notes 

數量詞 many a

 形容詞的順序與位置 notes 

複合關係代名詞what 關係副詞 when where 分詞片語ving&p.p. Be known for,as, to 的差別

 被動語態(感官&使役&授與動詞) 

If 假設語氣文法 

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