3. shall, should

(1) shall的用法:

表禁止、命令、必須。

You shall do as I say. He shall be punished.

(你應該依照我所說的做。他應該被處罰。)

 

用於第一人稱或第三人稱疑問句,表徵求對方的意見。

Shall I answer the telephone for you? = Do you want me to answer...?

(我需要幫你接電話嗎?)

Shall I make the bed for you? 我需要幫你鋪床嗎?

3表邀請:

Shall we dance? 我們一起跳舞吧!

(2) should的用法:

表義務和必然(obligation =ought to )

You should finish your work on time.(你應該準時完成工作)

They shouldn’t lie to you. (他們不該對你說謊)

在名詞子句中表感情,說話者認為有「應該如此」或「難以相信」等意思。

It is surprising that Tim should lose the game.

(Tim 竟然輸了,真是令人驚訝。)

用於假設法未來式的I子句中,作「萬一」解。

If you should change your mind, please let us know.

(如果你改變心意,請讓我知道。)

" should have +p.p."表「過去應該做而未做」

You should have passed the exam, but you didn’t.

(你應該已經通過考試,但你沒有。)

(3) will 的用法:

表意願(willingness)

Will you have another cup of coffee ? 你想要再來一杯咖啡嗎?

表預測

The game will be finished by now.目前為止比賽應該已經結束了。

(4)would的用法:

表意願(willingness)

Would you excuse me?[will 客氣〕

表過去不規則的習慣(cf.used to)

Sometimes the boys would play a trick on their teacher.

would that = I wish that 表所望、決心或意向

Would that I were young again.

(真希望我可以再年經一次)→與現在事實相反,使用過去式。

Would that I knew the answer.

(真希望我知道答案。)

would (should) like to +V "..." ; Would you like~?表請客之意

 

Would you like to have lunch with me ?

He would like to go biking with Helen.(他想要與Helen一起去騎腳踏車)

助動詞總整理 part 1 

助動詞總整理 part3 

Go+Ving 表從事某活動文法 

die death dead 的相關用法與片語 

Go to church VS. Go to the church thethe 大不同   

 主動詞一致之名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字  work in /work for /work out /work at 

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else用法  

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toof 翻成...的使用方法  

動詞過去式過去分詞記憶口訣(2)  

英文動詞三態記憶口訣()  

英文課堂用語(2) Classroom English  

英文字尾er/or/ist 職業相關英文單字 

 英文課堂用語(1)  

英文時間星期縮寫與上下午AM/PM用法 

 英文單字marry(結婚)的用法  

英文天氣相關說法與口訣  

過去進行式 when 當連接詞  

Where 疑問副詞用法 

 連綴動詞 become/turn/ get/ come/fall/go/grow 

 反身代名詞   

過去完成式  

 國中文法練習題間接問句 too~to so~that 介係詞片語  

so neither too either 用法附和句  

間接問句題目練習 

 授與動詞(雙賓動詞)記憶口訣  

Wh問句與BE動詞問句(1) What time how often how long how far how soon  

未來式 Will & be going to  

 To VR 不定詞&V-ing 動名詞文法(2018.10.12更新)  

詢問如何前往某地文法 How did you get to school yesterday?  

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